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Common Core Standard CCRA.R.10 Questions

Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.

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Grade 5 Places (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.5.2, RI.5.10
Every year, countless people from some of the northern and central states of the country leave snow, ice and freezing temperatures behind by heading south. These "snowbirds", as they are often called, trade in their          gloves          and hats for             sunscreen             and bathing suits. Heading south to escape winter's chill is common, but some             travelers             do just the opposite. They pack the extra layers and the snow boots and head to the village of Jukkasjarvi in          Sweden         . Once they arrive, they check into their hotel, but they don't take off their heavy coats and           scarves          . Why? Because at Sweden's Ice Hotel, everything from the beds to tables is made out of blocks of       ice      .

Why would anyone want to travel to one of the           coldest           places in the world during the winter          season         ? That was a question that a tourist company asked more than 20 years ago. They wanted more tourists so they tried something new. They built a 60 square foot         igloo         out of ice blocks and held an art exhibit inside. People came, but not that many.

One day, a group came to see the           exhibit          , but arrived too late. Instead of leaving, they spread out their sleeping bags and spent the night in the        snow       . Suddenly, a brand new idea was born! The tourist company built an entire         hotel         out of ice blocks taken from the nearby Torne River. They advertised this          unique          hotel all over the world and soon, people came to explore. Now,           curious           guests check in and enjoy the cold. Then, when the warmth of spring returns, the hotel melts into the ground and disappears. It will be           rebuilt           when winter returns.
Grade 5 Places (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.5.2, RI.5.10
Every year, countless people from some of the northern and central states of the country leave snow, ice and freezing temperatures behind by heading south. These "snowbirds", as they are often called, trade in their          gloves          and hats for sunscreen and bathing suits. Heading south to escape winter's chill is common, but some travelers do just the opposite. They pack the extra layers and the snow boots and head to the village of Jukkasjarvi in          Sweden         . Once they arrive, they check into their hotel, but they don't take off their heavy coats and scarves. Why? Because at Sweden's Ice Hotel, everything from the beds to tables is made out of blocks of       ice      .

Why would anyone want to travel to one of the coldest places in the world during the winter          season         ? That was a question that a tourist company asked more than 20 years ago. They wanted more tourists so they tried something new. They built a 60 square foot igloo out of ice blocks and held an art exhibit inside. People came, but not that many.

One day, a group came to see the exhibit, but arrived too late. Instead of leaving, they spread out their sleeping bags and spent the night in the        snow       . Suddenly, a brand new idea was born! The tourist company built an entire hotel out of ice blocks taken from the nearby Torne River. They advertised this unique hotel all over the world and soon, people came to explore. Now,           curious           guests check in and enjoy the cold. Then, when the warmth of spring returns, the hotel melts into the ground and disappears. It will be rebuilt when winter returns.
Grade 4 Animals (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.4.2, RI.4.10
Have you ever seen a diving dog? Every year, thousands of dogs participate in          diving          competitions. During these competitions, man's best friend gets to swim and splash in the water while the crowd cheers them on.

So are dogs good          divers         ? Not all of them. Most dogs need a lot of practice to become good divers. If you have a dog, you can         train         your dog to become a diving dog. Lots of kids do it. The age of the dog doesn't matter either. All that's required is a dog that loves and respects it owner.

Training a dog to dive can also be a great way to help a               disobedient               dog. Dogs who usually have trouble following the rules enjoy learning how to dive because it is more fun than learning to sit or stay. It's also a great way to help dogs burn off          energy         .

Of course, just because a dog likes diving doesn't mean it will do well at a diving competition. Dogs must get used to diving on           command           and being around other dogs. They also have to get used to the noise of the crowd and the diving pool itself. The more competitions a dog participates in, the easier diving becomes. Some          owners          also throw special toys into the pool to make the dog more comfortable.

Dogs who become really comfortable and good at diving can qualify for even bigger competitions. The biggest               competition               is the Dog Olympics. It's called the Purina Pro Plan Incredible Dog Challenge. Every year, the best dog divers in the United States participate in the competition.
Grade 2 People (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.2.2, RI.2.10
Once you start yawning, it's hard to stop.

People        yawn        for many reasons. They yawn when they wake up. They yawn when they go to sleep. They yawn        when        they are bored. They yawn when their ears are plugged up. They yawn when they see other yawns.

Humans aren't the only             creatures             that yawn. Dogs yawn. Cats yawn. Even birds yawn. Fish yawn       too      . Humans can even yawn when they're still in the womb.

What is a yawn? It's a            movement            of the muscles in your chest, mouth, and throat. Yawning helps wet tiny air sacs in your         lungs        .

People can't yawn on command. When they feel a yawn          coming          on, it's really hard to stop it. Scientists aren't sure why people yawn. Hippocrates was an ancient             scientist            . He thought yawning was a way to remove bad air from the lungs. In the 17th century other scientists studied yawning. They thought yawning increased your         heart         rate. They also thought it helped the level of oxygen in the blood. Today, scientists think yawning has to do with changing states. You yawn when you go from awake to asleep. You yawn when you go from asleep to         awake        . You also may yawn to go from alert to bored.

One thing is for certain - yawning is contagious. When you see someone yawn, your         brain         tells you to yawn too. It's a way to help you feel what others are feeling.
Grade 4 Animals (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.4.2, RI.4.10
Polar bears live in the Northern Hemisphere. They are largely found in         Alaska         , Canada, Greenland, Norway, and Russia. Polar bears rarely stay in one place. They travel to find a        mate        and to find food. Often polar bears also follow the       ice       north in the spring. In the fall, they follow the ice         south        .

What Do Polar Bears Look Like?
Polar bears are incredibly         large         bears. Male polar bears can grow to be up to 11 feet tall. Female polar bears can        grow        to be up to 8 feet tall. Polar bears may seem a bit skinnier than other polar bears because they have longer heads and skinnier         necks        .

Polar bears also look like they have white fur. However, a polar bear's       fur       is not white. A polar bear's fur is actually made of small, hollow tubes. The         tubes         are all clear. When the light from the sun reflects off of them, they look white. This helps polar bears         blend         into their environment. In the snow, the white fur looks like              camouflage             . This makes it easier for a polar bear to hunt for its        prey       .

What Do Polar Bears Eat?
Polar bears are              carnivores             . This means they eat meat. A polar bear's favorite food is the ringed        seal       . Some polar bears also like to eat whale carcasses and walruses.

Polar bears often catch their dinner while swimming. They can        swim        up to 6 miles per hour. They can also        dive        up to 15 feet under water. Once a polar bear catches its meal, it eats the fat and           blubber          . The rest of the seal becomes food for other animals.

The Future of Polar Bears
Polar bears are a protected           species          . People like to kill them as food and for their fur. The ice in the polar bears'           habitat           is also melting. All of these make it difficult for polar bears to           survive          .
Grade 3 Nature and Science (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.3.2, RI.3.10
What's the strongest muscle in the human body? That question is actually difficult to answer.

The human        body        has three different kinds of muscles (cardiac, skeletal, and smooth) and there are hundreds of muscles in the        body       . Each muscle works to help make the body          strong          as a whole. However, there are a few muscles that do more        work        than many of the others.

Eye Muscles
The muscles in your eyes, particularly the muscles on the outside of your        eyes        do a lot of work. These external muscles help your eye adjust its position so it can        keep        a steady gaze. They can move over 10,000         times         in an hour. That's a lot of work!

Gluteus Maximus
The gluteus maximus is a         large         muscle. In fact, it's the           largest           in your body. It helps to keep your body upright and            controls            your posture. It also works against gravity, which means it has to be very strong.

Heart
Many people think the         heart         is your strongest muscle because it works the hardest. Your heart pumps blood      24      hours a day. During your lifetime, it can beat over 3 billion         times        . It's what helps keep you         alive        .

Masseter
The masseter is a          muscle          in your jaw. It helps you close your         teeth         with tremendous force.

Soleus
Below your calf muscle is your soleus. This muscle helps you        walk       , run, and dance. It works against gravity to help you         stand         up and requires a lot of            strength            to keep you moving.

Tongue
Your tongue is always at work, even when you think it's not. Your tongue is actually a         group         of muscles. It helps you         speak        , it helps you process foods, and all day long it helps move saliva around in your mouth and        down        your throat.

All of the muscles in your body work very        hard        to help make sure everything runs smoothly. Which muscle do you think is the             strongest             of them all?
Grade 3 Nature and Science (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.3.2, RI.3.10
What's the strongest muscle in the human body? That question is actually difficult to answer.

The human        body        has three different kinds of muscles (cardiac, skeletal, and smooth) and there are hundreds of muscles in the body. Each muscle works to help make the body strong as a whole. However, there are a few muscles that do more        work        than many of the others.

Eye Muscles
The muscles in your eyes, particularly the muscles on the outside of your        eyes        do a lot of work. These external muscles help your eye adjust its position so it can keep a steady gaze. They can move over 10,000 times in an hour. That's a lot of work!

Gluteus Maximus
The gluteus maximus is a large muscle. In fact, it's the           largest           in your body. It helps to keep your body upright and controls your posture. It also works against gravity, which means it has to be very strong.

Heart
Many people think the heart is your strongest muscle because it works the hardest. Your heart pumps blood 24 hours a day. During your lifetime, it can beat over 3 billion         times        . It's what helps keep you alive.

Masseter
The masseter is a muscle in your jaw. It helps you close your         teeth         with tremendous force.

Soleus
Below your calf muscle is your soleus. This muscle helps you walk, run, and dance. It works against gravity to help you         stand         up and requires a lot of strength to keep you moving.

Tongue
Your tongue is always at work, even when you think it's not. Your tongue is actually a         group         of muscles. It helps you speak, it helps you process foods, and all day long it helps move saliva around in your mouth and down your throat.

All of the muscles in your body work very hard to help make sure everything runs smoothly. Which muscle do you think is the             strongest             of them all?
Grade 3 Nature and Science (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.3.2, RI.3.10
When you look up into the sky, sometimes you can see stars. The number of         stars         you can see depends on the number of clouds in the sky. It also depends on the amount of light pollution. It even depends on the strength of your eyes. In most places, on a clear evening, you can see             thousands             of stars. Some of the stars sit alone in the sky. Others are part of constellations. Whatever you see, it is only a         small         sampling of the stars that exist in the universe.

How many stars are in the universe?

Scientists don't have an exact answer. The universe is made up of            galaxies           . Scientists guess there are over 100 billion galaxies in the universe. Some galaxies are small. Some galaxies are         large        . The number of stars in each galaxy varies, but it's safe to say that each galaxy has at least one star. That means there are over 100 billion stars in the universe.

In fact, there are over 300 billion stars in the            universe           . How do scientists know? Because the galaxy we live in, called the Milky Way, has over 300 billion stars alone. When you look up in the       sky       and see a few thousand stars, you're actually only looking at a small number of the over 300 billion stars in the galaxy and trillions, zillions, or possibly even gazillions of stars in the          entire          universe.
Grade 2 People (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.2.2, RI.2.10
Once you start yawning, it's hard to stop.

People        yawn        for many reasons. They yawn when they wake up. They yawn when they go to         sleep        . They yawn        when        they are bored. They yawn when their ears are plugged up. They yawn when they       see       other yawns.

Humans aren't the only             creatures             that yawn. Dogs yawn. Cats        yawn       . Even birds yawn. Fish yawn       too      . Humans can even yawn when they're still in the womb.

What is a yawn? It's a            movement            of the muscles in your chest, mouth, and throat. Yawning helps wet        tiny        air sacs in your         lungs        .

People can't yawn on           command          . When they feel a yawn          coming          on, it's really hard to stop it. Scientists aren't sure why people yawn. Hippocrates was an ancient             scientist            . He thought yawning was a way to remove       bad       air from the lungs. In the 17th century other scientists studied yawning. They thought yawning increased your         heart         rate. They also thought it helped the level of          oxygen          in the blood. Today, scientists think yawning has to do with changing states. You yawn when you go from awake to          asleep         . You yawn when you go from asleep to         awake        . You also may yawn to      go      from alert to bored.

One thing is for certain - yawning is contagious. When you see someone yawn, your         brain         tells you to yawn too. It's a way to help you        feel        what others are feeling.
Grade 4 Places (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.4.2, RI.4.10
The town of Coober Pedy in Australia does not look like anything special on the map. It is just a very tiny       dot       in the middle of nowhere. There are no cities around it. It takes hours to reach a place with more than a handful of people living there. The city is so tiny that it is almost              impossible              to find on a map or in person! Not only is it hot, but temperatures often soar        high        above one hundred degrees.

So, who would want to live in such a           distant          , hot place? More than a century ago, people came searching for        opal       . Opals are rare and colorful stones found in underground         mines        . People on the run from the       law       also came here. This small town was the perfect place to hide. To escape the heat, many of the people built               underground               homes. It gave them a place to go to        cool        off and get out of the sun.

Who comes to Coober Pedy today? Filmmakers often do when they need a             landscape             that looks like a dry and deserted planet.            Tourists            from all over the world also come for a visit. They wander through the underground town. They take tours of homes and walk through           museums          . Still others come and stay. They spend their days             searching             for just enough of that blue, green, and pink sparkle of opal to earn their           fortune          .
Grade 5 Nature and Science (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.5.2, RI.5.10
Recently an invitation was sent out to the world. The world certainly responded! The Mars One Foundation           invited           anyone over the age of 18 to apply for a future one-way ticket to Mars. Winners would be sent to the red          planet          in 2023. It would be their job to establish the first human settlement. Hundreds of thousands of people from all corners of the         earth         sent in their                applications               . Of those, only a small group included the required fees and video.

Those that make it through the first round of              selections             will be put through rigorous and challenging          mental          and physical tests.           Experts           expect this to whittle the number down to several dozen. Those select few will then participate in an intensive seven-year             astronaut             training program. Finally, four people will be chosen to make the long        trip        into space.

Are you sad you may not be a part of this group? Don't be! According to Mars One Foundation, you can follow their              adventures              on television. The              foundation              hopes to raise billions of dollars for the project by turning the process into a television           reality           show. You may not be able to go to        Mars       . However, you may be able to        vote        on who does!
Grade 4 Sports (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.4.2, RI.4.10
Step 1: Get Fouled
This is a strange step, but in game situations you cannot get to the        free        throw line without getting fouled.

Step 2: Collect Yourself
You may be mad about the        foul        or tired from running back and forth. Take a deep          breath          and enter the half circle.

Step 3: Perform your Pre-Shot Routine
You should have a routine that you do         every         time you receive the ball at the charity stripe (free throw line). You might dribble with your left hand,        spin        the ball, and then shoot, or maybe you take one dribble, pass the ball around your body, take one           dribble           with each hand, and then get ready to shoot. Make your routine fast. You only have roughly 15           seconds           to do it. It should be comfortable and        easy        to do each time.

Step 4: Bend your Knees
Many people come up         short         on their free throws           because           they do not use their legs. They are an             important             power aspect.

Step 5: Tuck your Elbow
It helps you use proper        form        and make a good            accurate            shot.

Step 6: Shoot the Ball
Don’t wait too        long        or you will psych yourself out. Do what you do best and shoot the ball. Don’t            hesitate            or rush it. Take your        time        and execute.

Step 6: Get Back on Defense
Don’t let the other           players           rush back on you         after         you make/miss your free throw.
Grade 4 Places (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.4.2, RI.4.10
Grade 4 Sports (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.4.2, RI.4.10
Grade 4 Animals (Stories) CCSS: CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.10, RI.4.2, RI.4.10
Have you ever seen a diving dog? Every year, thousands of dogs participate in          diving          competitions. During these competitions, man's best friend gets to swim and          splash          in the water while the crowd cheers them on.

So are dogs good          divers         ? Not all of them. Most dogs need a lot of            practice            to become good divers. If you have a dog, you can         train         your dog to become a diving dog. Lots of kids do it. The age of the dog doesn't matter either. All that's required is a dog that loves and            respects            it owner.

Training a dog to dive can also be a great way to help a               disobedient               dog. Dogs who usually have trouble following the         rules         enjoy learning how to dive because it is more fun than learning to sit or stay. It's also a great way to help dogs burn off          energy         .

Of course, just because a dog likes          diving          doesn't mean it will do well at a diving competition. Dogs must get used to diving on           command           and being around other dogs. They also have to get used to the         noise         of the crowd and the diving pool itself. The more competitions a dog participates in, the easier diving becomes. Some          owners          also throw special toys into the pool to make the dog more comfortable.

Dogs who become really comfortable and good at diving can           qualify           for even bigger competitions. The biggest               competition               is the Dog Olympics. It's called the Purina Pro Plan Incredible Dog Challenge. Every year, the best dog divers in the United States               participate               in the competition.
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