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Common Core Standard 3.OA.B.5 Questions

Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 × 4 = 24 is known, then 4 × 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 × 5 × 2 can be found by 3 × 5 = 15, then 15 × 2 = 30, or by 5 × 2 = 10, then 3 × 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 × 5 = 40 and 8 × 2 = 16, one can find 8 × 7 as 8 × (5 + 2) = (8 × 5) + (8 × 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)

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Grade 3 Multiplication CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
If the equation below is true, which other equation must also true?
St. Patrick's - Pot of Gold - Small[math]xx[/math]St. Patrick's - Hat - Small[math]=[/math]St. Patrick's - Irish Man - Small
  1. St. Patrick's - Hat - Small[math]+[/math]St. Patrick's - Pot of Gold - Small[math]=[/math]St. Patrick's - Irish Man - Small
  2. St. Patrick's - Irish Man - Small[math]+[/math]St. Patrick's - Hat - Small[math]=[/math]St. Patrick's - Pot of Gold - Small
  3. St. Patrick's - Hat - Small[math]xx[/math]St. Patrick's - Pot of Gold - Small [math]=[/math]St. Patrick's - Irish Man - Small
  4. St. Patrick's - Pot of Gold - Small[math]-:[/math]St. Patrick's - Hat - Small[math]=[/math]St. Patrick's - Irish Man - Small
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Using the distributive property, what is 7(8 + 2) equal to?
  1. 70
  2. (7 x 8) + (7 x 2)
  3. (8 x 7) + (8 x 2)
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Using the distributive property, what is 2(9 + 7) equal to?
  1. (2 x 9) + (2 x 7)
  2. (9 x 2) + (9 x 7)
  3. 32
Grade 3 Multiplication CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Which method could be used to solve the multiplication sentence shown below?

[math]14 xx 18 = square[/math]
  1. [math](14 xx 10) + (14 xx8)[/math]
  2. [math](14 xx 10) xx (14 xx8)[/math]
  3. [math](14 + 10) + (14 + 8)[/math]
  4. [math](14 + 10) xx (14 + 8)[/math]
Grade 3 Multiplication CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Which is a way to find 7 x 8?
  1. (7 x 5) + (7 x 2)
  2. (4 x 8) + (3 x 8)
  3. (7 x 5) + (8 x 1)
  4. (5 x 8) + (2 x 7)
Grade 3 Multiplication CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
The numbers 9, 4, and 36 are a fact family. Which number sentence is part of the fact family for these numbers?
  1. [math]9 + 4 = 13[/math]
  2. [math]36 - 9 = 27[/math]
  3. [math]4 xx 9 = 36[/math]
  4. [math]36 -: 6 = 6[/math]
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Which statement explains the equation [math](6 xx 3) xx 2 = 6 xx (3 xx 2)[/math]?
  1. Changing the grouping of addends changes the sum.
  2. Changing the grouping of factors changes the product.
  3. Changing the grouping of the addends does not change the sum.
  4. Changing the grouping of factors does not change the product.
Grade 3 Number Sentences CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Which multiplication property is shown?

[math]6 xx 7 = 7 xx 6[/math]
  1. Identity
  2. Distributive
  3. Associative
  4. Commutative
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Grade 3 Multiplication CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Which shows one way to use breaking apart to find 6 x 12?
  1. (6 x 10) + (2 x 2)
  2. (6 x 10) + (4 x 3)
  3. (6 x 10) + (6 x 2)
  4. (3 x 10) + (2 x 2)
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
Grade 3 Number Properties CCSS: 3.OA.B.5
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