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Fourth Grade (Grade 4) Earth Science Questions

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Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
As water vapor rises in the atmosphere, it cools and changes back to a liquid. Tiny drops of liquid form clouds in this process called
  1. Condensation
  2. Precipitation
  3. Run-off
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Ninety-seven percent of the world's water resources are found in
  1. fresh water
  2. salt water
  3. groundwater
Grade 4 Environmental Science
What is it called when you protect resources and use them wisely?
  1. pollution
  2. irrigation
  3. conservation
  4. crop rotation
Grade 4 Geomorphology
When wind or water breaks a rock into smaller pieces, the process is called
  1. weathering
  2. hardness
  3. igneous
  4. erosion
Grade 4 Environmental Science
Soil erosion may be increased by humans cutting down trees in a forest.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Soil
                becomes richer as dead plants decay.
  1. Topsoil
  2. Subsoil
  3. Bedrock
  4. Parent rock
Grade 4 Environmental Science
Which of the following is a renewable resource?
  1. Wind
  2. Water
  3. Corn
  4. Solar
  5. All of these
Grade 4 Rocks
A rock is made up of a combination of minerals.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Volcanoes
       Rock       ,        ashes         and        gases         burst from the opening of a volcano.
Grade 4 Earth's Layers
The top layer of the Earth's surface is called the                .
  1. Mantle
  2. Crust
  3. Core
  4. Floor
Grade 4 Historical Geology
A footprint is what type of fossil?
  1. Marking
  2. Imprint
  3. Trail
  4. Rock
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
In the water cycle, what happens during evaporation?
  1. water vapor changes to liquid water
  2. water falls to the ground from clouds
  3. liquid water changes to water vapor
  4. water flows over the ground
Grade 4 Minerals
A mineral is made up of many rocks.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Rocks
Igneous rocks can form under the Earth's surface.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Volcanoes
                    are mountains made of lava layers that alternate with layers of cinders.
  1. Cinder cones
  2. Shield volcanoes
  3. Composite volcanoes
  4. Crater volcanoes
Grade 4 Atmosphere
Which of the following is NOT an example of a cloud?
  1. Cirrus
  2. Water Vapor
  3. Altocumulus
  4. Fog
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Water taken from plants on the Earth's surface into the air is called which of the following?
  1. evaporation
  2. transpiration
  3. condensation
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
The sun's energy changes lake water into a gas. What step in the water cycle is this?
  1. Condensation
  2. Precipitation
  3. Evaporation
Grade 4 Geomorphology
Many things can break rocks into smaller particles and move them around. What changes rocks into large, U-shaped valleys?
  1. glaciers
  2. heavy rain
  3. strong winds
  4. winding rivers
Grade 4 Historical Geology
Emily finds a fossil in a rock. Which of these would the fossil help her determine?
  1. age of the rock
  2. color of the rock
  3. texture of the rock
  4. grain size of the rock
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