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Tenth Grade (Grade 10) Geology Questions

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Grade 10 Earth's Layers
Grade 10 Tectonics
What causes tectonic plates to move?
  1. radiation from within the crust
  2. magnetic forces from the inner core
  3. convection currents in the mantle
  4. slow continental drift
Grade 10 Geomorphology
Grade 10 Tectonics
What is the ‘driving force’ behind plate tectonics that causes it to happen?
  1. gravity
  2. plates floating on the ocean
  3. convection currents
  4. earthquakes
Grade 10 Tectonics
The fact that widely separated continents have similar fossils, similar mineral deposits, and similar rock formations tells scientists that these continents
  1. Probably ‘formed’ at the same time in the same hemisphere
  2. Probably were connected in the past
  3. Probably never connected in the past
  4. Will have the same four seasons at the same time
Grade 10 Earth's Layers
The Earth's core is primarily composed of                   .
  1. granite and marble
  2. iron and copper
  3. nickel and iron
  4. nickel and granite
Grade 10 Tectonics
Places where tectonic plates move apart are called
  1. convergent boundaries
  2. transform boundaries
  3. subduction zones
  4. divergent boundaries
Grade 10 Tectonics
The theory of continental drift says that
  1. all the continents were once one continent that broke up and drifted apart over hundreds of millions of years
  2. the continents have always been separate but may one day drift together to form a single continent
Grade 10 Historical Geology
Geologic eras are largely determined by
  1. earth's orbital position
  2. shifts in the fossil record
  3. average global temperatures
  4. distribution of rock sequences
Grade 10 Historical Geology
Which of the following information was NOT used to support the theory of continental drift proposed in the early 1900's?
  1. similar glacial striations in rocks from different continents
  2. similar fossil records from different continents
  3. existence of volcanic islands
  4. the continents appear to look like puzzle pieces
Grade 10 Minerals
Minerals form at different temperatures because of                           .
  1. fractional crystallization
  2. non-fractional melting
  3. partial fractionalization
  4. none of the above
Grade 10 Minerals
Grade 10 Tectonics
As the distance from a quake's epicenter increases
  1. intensity increases
  2. intensity decreases
  3. wave speed increases
  4. the focus decreases
Grade 10 Geomorphology
This type of erosion creates small channels of running water on the side of a slope.
  1. gully erosion
  2. wave erosion
  3. rill erosion
  4. tributary erosion
Grade 10 Geomorphology
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