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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Geology Questions

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Grade 5 Historical Geology
A fossil is
  1. the imprint or remains of something that lived long ago
  2. sedimentary rock formed from layers of sand and mud
  3. the soft part of the animal from long ago
Grade 5 Geomorphology
Weathering occurs when rock
  1. gets wet in the rain or snow
  2. is worn away or broken down into smaller and smaller pieces.
  3. melts
Grade 5 Rocks
Sedimentary rock is not formed by
  1. the constant layering of the sediments
  2. pressure on sediment layers
  3. compaction and cementation
  4. doing experiments
Grade 5 Tectonics
The continents on Earth used to be combined together in a supercontinent called Pangaea.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Historical Geology
While digging on dry land, a student found a fossil mold of a fish. Which is the best conclusion the student can draw from this?
  1. Fish lived on land long ago.
  2. The fish was a plant eater.
  3. Water once covered the dry land.
  4. Someone must have placed the fossil in the ground.
Grade 5 Minerals
Pyrite is the same as gold.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Earth's Layers
What is the center layer of the Earth called?
  1. Crust
  2. Core
  3. Mantle
Grade 5 Geomorphology
A large mass of slowly moving ice on land is called a                .
  1. mountain
  2. glacier
  3. volcano
  4. basin
Grade 5 Minerals
Talc as the softest mineral is classified as a
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
Grade 5 Geomorphology
The process where water, ice, wind, and heat break down rock and shape the surface of the earth is erosion.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Tectonics
Volcanoes form mainly at what type of plate boundary?
  1. divergent boundaries
  2. transform boundaries
  3. strike-slip boundaries
  4. convergent boundaries
Grade 5 Minerals
What word or phrase best matches this definition?

A naturally formed solid material with a crystal structure. Each has a unique set of physical properties including color, hardness, and the way it breaks.
  1. Mineral
  2. Sedimentary rock
  3. Magma
  4. Not here
Grade 5 Earth's Layers
The deeper inside the Earth, the less the pressure is.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Minerals
Which list shows ways of classifying minerals?
  1. luster, color, hardness, streak
  2. color, size, value, cost
  3. size, color, cost, hardness
  4. luster, size, shape, cost
Grade 5 Earth's Layers
The prefix "geo-" in the word geosphere refers to                .
  1. land
  2. space
  3. air
  4. water
Grade 5 Tectonics
What do you call the sudden movement of Earth's crust?
  1. earthquake
  2. tsunami
  3. volcano
  4. fault
Grade 5 Rocks
Metamorphic rocks have been modified by (select all appropriate choices)
  1. Air
  2. Heat
  3. Pressure
  4. Chemical Processes
Grade 5 Rocks
Which is the main soil layer that holds water for plant growth?
  1. solid rock
  2. subsoil
  3. mulch
  4. none of the above
Grade 5 Rocks
Which is the soil layer mostly made from small rocks?
  1. Bedrock
  2. Soil
  3. Topsoil
  4. Subsoil
Grade 5 Tectonics
Using the Richter scale, which of these earthquakes would likely cause the most damage?
  1. 1-2
  2. 3-4
  3. 5-6
  4. 7-8
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