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Fourth Grade (Grade 4) Oceanography and Hydrology Questions

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Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
The movement of water from the Earth's surface, through the atmosphere (air), and back to the earth's surface is called the               water cycle              .
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Rain, sleet, hail, and snow are all part of the                 process in the water cycle.
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. precipitation
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
As water vapor rises in the atmosphere, it cools and changes back to a liquid. Tiny drops of liquid form clouds in this process called
  1. Condensation
  2. Precipitation
  3. Run-off
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Ninety-seven percent of the world's water resources are found in
  1. fresh water
  2. salt water
  3. groundwater
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
In the water cycle, what happens during evaporation?
  1. water vapor changes to liquid water
  2. water falls to the ground from clouds
  3. liquid water changes to water vapor
  4. water flows over the ground
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
The sun's energy changes lake water into a gas. What step in the water cycle is this?
  1. Condensation
  2. Precipitation
  3. Evaporation
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Water taken from plants on the Earth's surface into the air is called which of the following?
  1. evaporation
  2. transpiration
  3. condensation
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
The process where liquid water turns into vapor is evaporation.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
What are the largest surface freshwater system (lake) in the U.S.?
  1. The Great Lakes
  2. Crater Lake
  3. Pyramid Lake
  4. Flathead Lake
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Which motion best describes the way transverse waves move?
  1. zigzag
  2. up and down
  3. north to south
  4. forward and back
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
There is more ocean on Earth's surface than there is land.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Condensation is when water changes from a liquid to a gas.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Water flows downhill. As the water flows downhill, it moves pieces of rock to new locations. This is an example of erosion. Which location would most likely have the faster rate of erosion?
  1. water flowing down a small hill
  2. water flowing down a steep mountain
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Choose the correct water cycle sequence.
  1. Weathering, Erosion, Deposition
  2. Precipitation, Condensation, Evaporation
  3. Evaporation, Condensation, Precipitation
  4. Rain, sleet, and snow
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
Earth's water
  1. is mostly in its vapor state at any given time.
  2. has been recycled for billions of years.
  3. freezes as it rises into the atmosphere.
  4. only falls to Earth as rain.
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
When you see a spider web covered in dew in the morning, you are seeing                .
  1. precipitation
  2. condensation
  3. evaporation
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
The energy source that drives the water cycle is
  1. cloud formation.
  2. the Sun.
  3. lakes and streams.
  4. condensation.
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
During the water cycle, water moves
  1. only between clouds.
  2. between lakes and soil.
  3. between plants and soil.
  4. between earth and air.
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
A                 is a large body of land that almost surrounded by water.
  1. lake
  2. strait
  3. peninsula
  4. barrier island
Grade 4 Oceanography and Hydrology
The map shows the Atlantic Ocean. It also shows the continents it borders.
Map of the Atlantic
Which statement best describes continents and oceans?
  1. all continents are surrounded by oceans
  2. some continents are surrounded by oceans
  3. continents are not surrounded by oceans
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