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Fifth Grade (Grade 5) Solar System Questions

You can create printable tests and worksheets from these Grade 5 Solar System questions! Select one or more questions using the checkboxes above each question. Then click the add selected questions to a test button before moving to another page.

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Grade 5 Sun
The closest star to Earth is
  1. Orion
  2. Sun
  3. Moon
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
When the North Pole is tilted toward the Sun, it is
  1. summer in the Northern Hemisphere
  2. winter in the Northern Hemisphere
  3. daytime in the Northern Hemisphere
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
The moon casts a shadow on Earth during a(n)
  1. lunar eclipse
  2. new moon
  3. phase
  4. solar eclipse
Grade 5 The Moon
Which of the following BEST explains why there are more craters on the moon than on the Earth?
  1. Earth has an atmosphere.
  2. The moon is smaller than the Earth.
  3. Earth has rarely been struck by meteorites.
  4. The moon has a weaker gravitational force.
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
Sir Isaac Newton's work in the late 1600 convinced people that the sun, not the Earth, was the center of the universe. What scientific term describes this idea?
  1. chaotic universe
  2. geocentric universe
  3. spontaneous universe
  4. heliocentric universe
Grade 5 The Moon
When Earth's shadow blocks the moon, it is called a
  1. solar eclipse
  2. lunar eclipse
  3. axis
  4. phase
Grade 5 Small Bodies and Dwarf Planets
Asteroids are rocky objects that revolve around the Earth.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Outer Planets
Which is a difference between the outer planets and the inner planets?
  1. the outer planets have many moons
  2. the outer planets orbit in a different direction
  3. the outer planets have a higher density
  4. the outer planets have a smaller diameter
Grade 5 Sun
The sun the largest body in the solar system.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 The Moon
Craters on the moon were created by
  1. satellites
  2. meteoroids
  3. comets
  4. equipment from human exploration of the moon
Grade 5 The Moon
The tides are cause by
  1. Gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon
  2. Gravitational pull of the Sun and Earth
  3. Gravitational pull of the other planets
Grade 5 Solar System
How are the two categories of planets grouped?

Group A: Mercury, Earth, Mars
Group B: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus
  1. Shape
  2. Color
  3. Size
  4. Inner and outer positions from sun
Grade 5 Planetary Motion
This word means to spin on an axis.
  1. rotation
  2. revolution
  3. orbit
  4. gravity
Grade 5 Small Bodies and Dwarf Planets
Balls of ice, dust, rocks, and gases form these.
  1. asteroids
  2. meteors
  3. meteorites
  4. comets
Grade 5 Inner Planets
This is the 3rd planet from the Sun. The planet we call home.
Planet Earth - Small
  1. Earth
  2. Mercury
  3. Mars
  4. Venus
Grade 5 The Moon
The moon has weathering and erosion.
  1. True
  2. False
Grade 5 Outer Planets
This is the 8th planet in our solar system. It was the first planet discovered by using mathematics.
Planet Neptune - Small
  1. Saturn
  2. Jupiter
  3. Uranus
  4. Neptune
Grade 5 Small Bodies and Dwarf Planets
What is between the inner and outer planets?
  1. asteroid belt
  2. meteorites
  3. nothing but space
  4. stars
Grade 5 The Moon
The moon's surface
  1. has lakes and volcanoes
  2. is dry and dusty
Grade 5 Sun
Strong explosions from the sun that send out giant streams of heat and light are known as
  1. satellites
  2. flares
  3. coronas
  4. solar cells
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