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Wave Vocabulary (Grade 7)

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Wave Vocabulary

Instructions: Use the word bank to complete each statement about waves.

Word Bank: gases; interference; wavelength; speed; frequency; longitudinal; medium; hertz; trough; matter; crest; transverse; solids

1. 
Waves do not carry                       .
2. 
The matter that a wave moves through is called the                       .
3. 
The distance between two peaks of a wave is called a                           .
4. 
The highest point of a transverse wave is called a                           . The lowest point of a transverse wave is called a                           .
5. 
In a                                wave, particles of the medium vibrate back and forth parallel to the direction of the wave.
6. 
In a                            wave, particles of the medium vibrate up and down perpendicular to the direction of the wave.
7. 
The medium can often affect the                        of a wave.
8. 
Waves tend to travel fastest through                        and tend to travel slowest through                       .
9. 
When waves interact with other waves it is called                               .
10. 
The number of waves that pass a fixed point in a given amount of time (usually per second) is called its                         .
11. 
The SI unit for measuring the frequency of a wave is the                       .
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