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Weather and Climate (Grade 5)

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Weather and Climate

1. 
                is a process in the water cycle, where water vapor rises into the atmosphere.
  1. Precipitation
  2. Transpiration
  3. Condensation
  4. Evaporation
 
2. 
Rain, sleet, hail, and snow are all part of the                 process in the water cycle.
  1. transpiration
  2. evaporation
  3. precipitation
  4. condensation
3. 
Weather is determined by the conditions in the:
  1. thermosphere
  2. mesosphere
  3. troposphere
  4. stratosphere
 
4. 
High pressure systems have                 weather and are                .
  1. rainy, stable
  2. clear, stable
  3. rainy, unstable
  4. clear, unstable
5. 
What force is behind all weather on earth?
  1. wind
  2. gravity
  3. earth's rotation
  4. energy from the sun
 
6. 
The amount of water vapor held in the air is
  1. rain
  2. humidity
  3. air pressure
  4. clouds
7. 
Atmospheric conditions for a long period of time is called                .
  1. weather
  2. climate
  3. humidity
 
8. 
A mountain can affect climate by
  1. absorbing more solar energy at the peak than at the base of the mountain.
  2. causing precipitation to fall mostly on one side of the mountain.
  3. pushing a cool air mass back out over the ocean.
  4. interfering with air currents and affecting Earth's rotation.
9. 
Which of the following is an example of a climate region?
  1. tropical
  2. sunny
  3. snowy
  4. rainy
 
10. 
Which of these is NOT a factor that is considered when describing the climate of a region?
  1. distance from the ocean
  2. the number of mountains nearby
  3. the population of the region
  4. the amount of precipitation
11. 
The state of the earth's atmosphere at a certain time and place is called
  1. precipitation.
  2. meteorology.
  3. climate.
  4. weather.
 
12. 
Which of the following cloud types are white, billowy, and resemble piles of cotton puffs in the sky?
  1. cumulus
  2. stratus
  3. cirrus
  4. lenticular
13. 
Whirling funnel-shaped cloud over land with very low pressure at the funnel's bottom.
  1. cyclone
  2. anti-cyclone
  3. water spout
  4. tornado
 
14. 
If you wake up and notice a gray cloudy day and light rain was falling, which type of cloud would you expect to see?
  1. cumulus
  2. stratus
  3. cirrus
  4. cirrostratus
15. 
What type of front forms when an active cold front overtakes a warm front, producing a complex weather pattern?
  1. warm front
  2. cold front
  3. occluded front
  4. stationary front
 
16. 
Air that moves across Earth's surface due to differences in pressure is called                .
  1. wind
  2. air pressure
  3. ozone
17. 
A circular pattern of updrafts, downdrafts, and wind is a(n)
  1. Weather pattern
  2. Convection cell
  3. Coriolis effect
  4. Isobar
 
18. 
Produced by cumulonimbus clouds when a cold front meets a warm front.
  1. water sprout
  2. typhoon
  3. thunderstorm
  4. hurricane
19. 
Global winds seem to travel in curved paths because of                    .
  1. convection cells
  2. warmer air
  3. the Coriolis effect
  4. colder air
 
20. 
A line on a weather map connecting locations with equal air pressure is called a(n)               
  1. anemometer
  2. isobar
  3. sea breeze
  4. Coriolis effect
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