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Plate Tectonics (Grade 10)

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Plate Tectonics

1. 
The plate tectonics theory states that
  1. continental crust "plows through" oceanic crust
  2. oceanic crust "slides over" continental crust
  3. lithospheric plates move
  4. tectonic forces cause the most damage in the center of the plates
 
2. 
Tectonic plates interact at places called plate
  1. reversals
  2. boundaries
  3. regions
  4. centers
3. 
What current theory explains why the tectonic plates move?
  1. Mantle Convection
  2. Mantle Radiation
  3. Mantle Conduction
  4. Mantle Subduction
 
4. 
The theory of continental drift
  1. was based on the distribution of rock types, fossils and structures
  2. was accepted by most geologist during Wegener's lifetime
  3. was based on oceanic fossils and basalt
  4. suggested that the original land forms were large islands
5. 
Plates move at a rate of about 1-16 cm per                .
  1. century
  2. year
  3. month
  4. hour
 
6. 
The youngest supercontinent known is                , named by Alfred Wegener.
  1. Gondwanaland
  2. Laurasia
  3. Pangaea
  4. Borneo
7. 
The theory of                    states that new ocean crust is formed at ocean ridges and destroyed at deep-sea trenches.
  1. seafloor spreading
  2. tectonic plates
  3. Pangaea
  4. continental drift
 
8. 
At what tectonic plate boundary do plates slide horizontally past each other?
  1. divergent boundary
  2. transform boundary
  3. continental-continental boundary
  4. oceanic-oceanic boundary
9. 
Places where tectonic plates move apart are called
  1. convergent boundaries
  2. transform boundaries
  3. subduction zones
  4. divergent boundaries
 
10. 
Subduction is
  1. where denser plates sink into the mantle.
  2. where ridge valleys form.
  3. occurring mostly in the Atlantic Ocean.
  4. occurring where continental plates diverge.
11. 
Convergence of two continental plates causes formation of                 .
  1. mid-ocean ridges
  2. rift valleys
  3. mountain chains
  4. island arcs
 
12. 
Most earthquakes occur near the                     of tectonic plates.
  1. Circum-Pacific Belt
  2. boundaries
  3. center
  4. ocean ridges
13. 
Where are most divergent boundaries found?
  1. on the seafloor
  2. on the continents
  3. along coastlines
  4. at subduction zones
 
14. 
Earthquakes are a sudden motion caused by movement of tectonic plates working against                  .
  1. friction
  2. gravity
  3. magnetic forces
  4. centrifugal force
15. 
Which feature is associated with a continental-continental plate boundary?
  1. a subduction zone
  2. a mountain range
  3. a deep-sea trench
  4. a volcano
 
16. 
When an oceanic plate slides under a continental plate, what is usually formed?
  1. continental drift
  2. seafloor spreading
  3. subduction zone
  4. mountain range
  5. all of the above
17. 
A/n                   is a sudden motion or trembling of the Earth caused by the abrupt release of slowly accumulated energy in rocks.
  1. focus
  2. strike-slip fault
  3. earthquake
  4. fault creep
 
18. 
California has more than 20,000 earthquakes each year because there is a large                 running through the state.
  1. epicenter
  2. river
  3. crater
  4. fault
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