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The Moon (Grade 8)

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The Moon

1. 
How is a moon different than a planet?
  1. A moon is in orbit around a planet.
  2. A moon is smaller than any planet.
  3. A moon is less massive than any planet.
  4. A moon is unable to have an atmosphere.
 
2. 
The moon is:
  1. One-half the size of the earth.
  2. One-quarter the size of the earth.
  3. Twice the size of the earth.
  4. One-tenth the size of the earth.
3. 
The moon has eight phases.
  1. True
  2. False
 
4. 
The phase of the moon that follows the waning crescent is called the
  1. full moon.
  2. new moon.
  3. waxing crescent.
  4. third quarter.
5. 
The phase of the moon that follows the waning gibbous is called the
  1. first quarter.
  2. third quarter.
  3. new moon.
  4. full moon.
 
6. 
When the sunlit side of the moon seen from Earth gets smaller, we say it is                .
  1. waxing
  2. new
  3. full
  4. waning
7. 
The gravitational force of the moon on Earth's oceans is stronger than the gravitational force of the sun because the
  1. moon is smaller than the sun
  2. sun is made of only gas
  3. moon is closer to Earth than the sun
  4. moon's craters attract water
 
8. 
The craters on the moon were caused by volcanoes.
  1. True
  2. False
9. 
Which of the following is true about the moon?
  1. It has no gravity at all.
  2. It has a constant surface temperature.
  3. It has an extremely thin atmosphere.
  4. It has liquid water.
 
10. 
The moon has light of its own.
  1. True
  2. False
11. 
When is the moon nearest to Earth during its orbit?
  1. at apogee
  2. at perihelion
  3. during an eclipse
  4. during perigee
 
12. 
The same side of the moon always faces Earth.
  1. True
  2. False
13. 
How many days does it take for the moon to circle the earth?
  1. 7
  2. 2
  3. 15
  4. 27
 
14. 
How many times does the moon rotate on its axis during one orbit of the earth?
  1. One-half
  2. Once
  3. Twice
  4. 30
15. 
A spring tide occurs when
  1. it is the spring equinox.
  2. the sun, Earth, and moon are nearly in line.
  3. the moon is in its first or last quarter phase.
  4. the line between Earth and the sun is at right angles to the line between Earth and the moon.
 
16. 
What results when the moon is in Earth's umbra?
  1. a total solar eclipse
  2. a total lunar eclipse
  3. a partial solar eclipse
  4. a partial lunar eclipse
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