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Memorial Day (Grade 9)

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Memorial Day

Instructions: Memorial Day was originally called Decoration Day. Waterloo, NY was declared the official birthplace of Memorial Day by President Lyndon Johnson in 1966, but so many towns and cities claim to have been the first to hold a day of remembrance for those who have died in our nation's service it is difficult to know exactly how it began.
Memorial Day was officially proclaimed in 1868 by the national commander of the Grand Army of the Republic. It was first celebrated with the placement of flowers on the graves of Union and Confederate soldiers at Arlington National Cemetery. The first state to officially recognize the holiday was New York in 1873. Within twenty years all of the northern states recognized the holiday. The South began to commemorate the holiday after World War I when the holiday was changed to honor those who died fighting in any American war, not just the Civil War.

Answer the following questions about the brave servicemen and women who fought and died in service for our country and the beliefs that we hold dear.

1. 
What is patriotism?



2. 
Which patriotic holiday honors Americans who died to protect our freedoms?
  1. Memorial Day
  2. Flag Day
  3. Washington's birthday
3. 
People injured or killed in a war are called                           .
4. 
The June 6th invasion of Normandy, France was called
  1. VE-Day
  2. D-Day
  3. VJ-Day
  4. Battle of the Bulge
5. 
What event prompted the United States entry into World War II?
  1. The attack on Pearl Harbor.
  2. The sinking of the Lusitania
  3. The Stamp Tax
6. 
Pearl Harbor is located in what state?
  1. Hawaii
  2. New York
  3. Alaska
  4. California
7. 
The success of Operation Desert Storm greatly increased public appreciation and support for the U. S. Military. What were the positive results of the Persian Gulf war?
  1. U.N. forces liberated Kuwait
  2. Civilian casualties were very light considering the large number of aircraft mission flown
  3. Women played an important role in the war
  4. All of the above
8. 
The battle where German forces attempted to split the Allied forces down the middle causing a bulge in the ally lines was called
  1. Battle of Midway
  2. Battle of Stalingrad
  3. Battle of the Bulge
  4. D-Day
9. 
This battle lasted for 82 days and had the highest causalities of the War in the Pacific.
  1. Iwo-Jima
  2. Okinawa
  3. Midway
  4. Coral Sea
10. 
How many marines raised the flag at Iwo Jima?
  1. 16
  2. 8
  3. 6
  4. 12
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