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Labor Day (Grade 9)

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Labor Day

Instructions: The first official observance of Labor Day was Tuesday September 5, 1882 in New York City. The holiday was created by the Central Labor Union to recognize the contributions of the American worker. In 1884 the first Monday in September was selected to be the annual day of celebration. The government first began recognizing the holiday through ordinances in 1885 and 1886. By June of 1894, the majority of states had recognized the holiday, so the federal government passed a law making the observance of Labor Day each first Monday in September a legal holiday. The holiday is celebrated by workers and others nationwide in street parades and festivals.

Answer the following questions about labor in America as we commemorate labor Day.

1. 
Give two reasons why some workers formed labor unions.



2. 
What is a labor union?
  1. A group of people who work together and are on a golf team together.
  2. A group of workers who want to work more hours.
  3. A workers' group than helps run a company.
  4. A workers' group that fights for better working conditions and pay.
3. 
In 1886                 helped start the American Federation of Labor.
  1. Jane Addams
  2. Samuel Gompers
  3. Michael Jackson
4. 
The American Federation of Labor organized
  1. farmers, factory workers, and white-collar workers
  2. only skilled workers
  3. women and children
5. 
The three sectors of the labor force are agricultural, manufacturing and construction, and                 .
  1. skilled
  2. service
  3. blue collar
  4. the armed forces
6. 
The system of in which different people perform different jobs, instead of each person having to do all kinds of work is called
  1. archaeology
  2. division of labor
  3. agriculture
  4. anthropology
7. 
As American industrialization progressed, many labor laws were passed in an effort to
  1. separate the North from the South.
  2. clamp down on the rights of workers.
  3. create safer working conditions.
  4. remove "Carpetbaggers" from the south.
8. 
Knights of Labor is example of a                 that existed in the late 1800s.
  1. textile mill
  2. strike
  3. gang
  4. labor union
9. 
One reason the Knights of Labor broke up was that it                                              .
  1. would not allow women to join
  2. had too many members
  3. fought with the National Labor Union
  4. tried to united skilled and unskilled workers
10. 
A work stoppage intended to force an employer to respond to demands is known as                .
  1. abolition
  2. journeymen
  3. strike
  4. master
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