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Making Inferences (Grade 9)

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Making Inferences

1. 
Imagine racing across almost one thousand miles of Alaskan terrain with nothing to protect you against the freezing temperatures other than your clothes and your determination? For some, this might sound like torture. For many other people, it is an adventure they train for all year round.

For the past 40 years, dozens of dedicated men and women have participated in the Iditarod, a contest that has been nicknamed the last great race on Earth. Gathering in Anchorage, Alaska, the racers check their sleds, dog teams, and gear before starting. This race can take up to two weeks or more to complete, and, as they travel, the competitors will stop and check in at 25 small towns along the route.

The trip is difficult and exhausting, but racers are equipped with everything from cell phones to Global Positioning Devices. Most of the competitors are sponsored by businesses and blog the journey as they cover mile after mile.

The sled drivers are in good company: their team of sled dogs. Most of the dogs are either Siberian Huskies or Alaskan Malamutes, chosen for their strength, endurance, and speed. The dogs are able to cover up to 100 miles a day and each one has its unique position on the team. Together, the dogs and their mushers race over snow and ice, in wind and through blizzards to reach that all-important finish line.
A. 
What is the most likely meaning of the word "musher"?
  1. Lead dog
  2. Sled driver
  3. Winning racer
  4. Company sponsor
B. 
What is the most likely reason that people participate in the Iditarod?
  1. For the huge prize money
  2. To travel throughout Alaska
  3. For the adventurous experience
  4. To spend a great deal of time outside
C. 
Why do competitors most likely stop in at small towns along the route?
  1. They want to rest for a few days.
  2. They change both their sleds and dog teams.
  3. They need time to consult the map and verify directions.
  4. They record their position and show that they are still on route
D. 
What is the most likely meaning of the word "musher"?
  1. Lead dog
  2. Sled driver
2. 
Have you ever heard someone say that it was so quiet, you could hear a pin drop? It may be hard to imagine anyplace that is that quiet since the world is a very noisy place! Some experts worry that the majority of people suffer from noise pollution due to a definite lack of silence.

No matter where you go, there is always some kind of noise, even if it is only traffic moving in the distance, or clocks ticking, people talking and walking, dogs barking, or music playing. There is one place you can go where the only sounds you will be able to perceive are the beating of your heart and the sound of your breathing. Such a place may seem peaceful, but it is actually unpleasant for almost anyone who stops by to visit.

What is the world's quietest place? It is a room called the anechoic chamber and it is located in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The floor, ceiling, and walls are lined with fiberglass wedges that are built to absorb sound. A number of companies use this room for testing the sound quality of their products. However, visitors are also allowed to go in the room and just sit in the dark and listen to absolutely nothing. Most people want out fairly quickly, and so far, no one has lasted more than 45 minutes before wanting back out into a noise-filled world.
A. 
Which of the following statements can be inferred from this passage?
  1. Noise pollution is creating health problems for many people.
  2. Companies rarely take the sound quality of their products seriously.
  3. The majority of people are quite uncomfortable with complete silence.
  4. There is no place in the country that is completely noise-free
B. 
What conclusion best fits with the information in this passage?
  1. Anechoic chambers are found in several cities across the country.
  2. Fiberglass wedges are frequently used in room construction.
  3. People are often forced to endure the silence in this unique chamber.
  4. A truly silent place is extremely difficult to find in today's world.
C. 
What does the term anechoic most likely mean?
  1. Sound quality testing
  2. Free of sound
  3. Only natural noise
  4. Noise pollution
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