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This printable supports Common Core ELA Standards CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.8, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.3

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Cause and Effect (Grade 5)

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Cause and Effect

1. 
Hurricanes begin when the weather conditions are just right for a cluster of thunderstorms to form over a tropical ocean. If such a cluster remains long enough, it organizes into a tropical depression, with winds of up to 42 miles per hour. If a tropical depression increases to winds of 43 to 74 miles per hour, it is a tropical storm. A tropical storm is given a name and watched closely, by satellite, to see if it gets worse and begins to have the telltale circular shape of a hurricane. If the air pressure continues to drop, the wind rises to above 75 miles per hour, and a true hurricane is born.

Which of the following causes weather forecasters to say a storm has become a hurricane?
  1. A cluster of thunderstorms form over a tropical ocean.
  2. A cluster begins to organize into a tropical depression.
  3. Winds increase to over 75 miles per hour.
  4. Winds increase to 23 to 42 miles an hour.
2. 
Students at school have been sick all winter long. Many students have missed over a week of school due to the viruses passing from student to student. A few students, though, have not gotten sick at all. They have had perfect attendance. When asked why they had not gotten sick, the students explained that they cleaned their hands regularly with hand sanitizer.

What is the CAUSE of the students not getting sick?
  1. They missed no school.
  2. They missed many days of school.
  3. They used hand sanitizer.
  4. They ate breakfast everyday.
3. 
Mrs. Marcozzi didn't remind the students to wear their pride shirts for Friday's Fanfare, therefore, many of the students forgot. What is the CAUSE?
  1. Mrs. Marcozzi didn't remind the students to wear their pride shirts
  2. Many of the students forgot to wear their pride shirts.
  3. There was a Fanfare celebration on Friday.
  4. The students weren't required to wear their pride shirts.
4. 
Megan was so excited by the parade that she forgot and left her coat at home. Megan stood outside with the rest of the people enjoying the parade and braving the cold weather. As a result, Megan was sick the rest of the weekend.

What caused Megan to get sick?
  1. She stayed too long at the parade
  2. She didn't get enough candy at the parade
  3. She left her coat at home
  4. She ate too much candy at the parade
5. 
On February 7, 1867, Laura Ingalls was born in the Big Woods near Pepin, Wisconsin. She was the second daughter born to Charles and Caroline Ingalls. Laura lived through a difficult period of history and overcame a variety of struggles. Yet through it all, she still managed to become a great and valuable author of children's books. It is through her contributions that many children have learned about life on the frontier.

Laura moved more than once in her life. In her early life it was always by covered wagon. Laura's father was inspired by the Homestead Act of 1862 which made it possible to obtain 160 acres of land with certain provisions. With this in mind he took his family to Montgomery County in Kansas and settled there. The land that they had settled on was technically Native American Territory, so not long after they moved there they were forced to move out. In 1871, they moved back to Wisconsin. In 1874, the family settled in Plum Creek, Minnesota, and lived there for several years. Later, the Ingalls moved to the town of De Smet in Dakota Territory. They were the first settlers in the town. While here, the Ingalls once again attempted to get land through the provisions of the Homestead Act. They succeeded, and in 1886 Charles Ingalls officially had a farm of his own.

The settlers of the frontier faced many challenges including the threat of horrendous weather, starvation, plagues, and sickness. For example, in 1874 there was a giant Grasshopper Plague that swept in a Z shape across the lands of Oregon, Dakota Territory, Kansas, and Missouri. Lakes of grasshoppers three inches deep were not uncommon. The grasshoppers devoured everything around them. They ate the crops, the vegetables, clothing, and even each other. Many of the settlers had to leave the lands due to the plague.

Which sentence from the passage shows cause and effect?
  1. Laura moved more than once in her life.
  2. Later, the Ingalls moved to the town of De Smet in Dakota Territory.
  3. The land that they had settled on was technically Native American Territory, so not long after they moved there they were forced to move out.
  4. Many of the settlers had to leave the lands due to the plague.
6. 
Due to their incredible force and unpredictability, floods can cause tremendous damage. They can ruin houses, roads and buildings. Floods can take down trees and cause mudslides. It often leaves mud, sand and debris behind. It can take months to clean up after a flood.

What is the EFFECT?
  1. Floods can cause a lot of damage
  2. Floods happen in many areas without warning.
  3. Floods are strong and unpredictable.
  4. Flood damage is devastating
7. 
Due to sending home various notes from the office and writing reminders in their planners, the students brought in a total of 435 packages of pasta for the school-wide service project.

What is the EFFECT?
  1. The students brought in packages of pasta.
  2. The students at MLR were participating in a project.
  3. The students at MLR were very generous.
  4. Notes went home and reminders were written in planners.
8. 
Due to sending home various notes from the office and writing reminders in our planner, MLR students brought in a total of 435 packages of pasta for the school-wide service project.

What is the CAUSE?
  1. The students brought in packages of pasta.
  2. The students at MLR were participating in a project.
  3. The students at MLR were very generous.
  4. Notes went home and reminders were written in planners.
9. 
Select the most likely CAUSE for the following EFFECT:

Steven cut his finger.
  1. Outside Steven walked around.
  2. In the house Steven ate pizza.
  3. Yesterday Steven ran.
  4. Steven picked up broken glass.
10. 
Tammy was in her backyard climbing a tree. She climbed to the middle part of the tree and accidentally hit a bees' nest. Before she knew what had happened, bees were swarming all around and over her. Tammy let out a yell.

What do you think was the effect of Tammy hitting the nest?
  1. Bees stung her.
  2. The nest fell.
  3. Some of the bees died.
  4. The bees made honey.

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