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Glaciers (Grades 11-12)

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Glaciers

1. 
A glacier will retreat if
  1. more ice accumulates than melts.
  2. it gains ice at the same rate that ice melts.
  3. more ice melts than accumulates.
  4. the ice melts slower than it accumulates.
 
2. 
The cracks of the brittle upper layers of a glacier are called
  1. crevasses
  2. calves
  3. aretes
  4. horns
3. 
How does an alpine glacier modify the valley through which it moves?
  1. deepens it
  2. straightens it
  3. widens it
  4. all of these answers
 
4. 
An end moraine that forms when a glacier is at its greatest advance, before beginning to retreat is called a
  1. lateral moraine.
  2. medial moraine.
  3. recessional moraine.
  4. terminal moraine.
5. 
The lower part of the glacier, where more snow melts in the summer and accumulates in winter, is called the                      
  1. snow line.
  2. zone of accumulation.
  3. ice sheet.
  4. zone of ablation
 
6. 
Glacial till is
  1. first carried by a glacier then deposited by a stream
  2. sediment carried by the top part of the glacier
  3. deposited directly from glaciers and has sediment of a variety of sizes all mixed together
  4. in clusters and indicates the direction a glacier is flowing
7. 
Which of the following is NOT an example of a landform created by glacial erosion?
  1. horn
  2. aretes
  3. cirque
  4. end moraine
 
8. 
About how long ago did the most recent glacial advance begin?
  1. 10,000 years ago
  2. 100,000 years ago
  3. 18,000 years ago
  4. 8.5 million years ago
9. 
Sediment deposited directly by glacial ice is called
  1. unsorted till.
  2. sorted glacial drift.
  3. stratified drift.
  4. rock flour.
 
10. 
Which one of these is NOT associated with glacial erosion?
  1. glacial striation
  2. ablation
  3. plucking
  4. abrasion
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