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This printable supports Common Core ELA Standard CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2 and CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2

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Main Idea (Grade 10)

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Main Idea

1. 
Composting is nature's way of recycling organic materials back into the soil in order for the cycle of life to continue. The billions of living organisms in healthy soil transform dead plants into vital nutrients for new plant growth. Since healthy plants come from healthy soil, one of the best ways you can build healthy soil in your garden and lawn is by using compost. You can easily make compost with landscape trimmings and food scraps in your own backyard. With a small investment in time, you can improve the health and appearance of your yard, save money on fertilizers and mulch, all while preserving natural resources and protecting the health of your family and pets.

- It's earth-friendly: Food scraps and yard waste make up 20-30% of the waste stream. Making compost keeps these materials out of landfills, where they take up precious space and release methane, a greenhouse gas 21 times more potent than carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere.

- It benefits your yard: Compost improves soil structure and texture, increases the soil's ability to hold both water and air, improves soil fertility, and stimulates healthy root development in plants.

- It's easy: You can start with just leaves and grass, then work your way towards composting your food scraps.

- It saves money: Adding compost to your garden can reduce or eliminate the need to buy chemical fertilizers or compost. If you pay for the amount of trash hauled, composting can also cut down on your trash costs.

(source: http://www.epa.gov/wastes/conserve/tools/greenscapes/pubs/compost-guide.pdf)
A. 
What is the main idea of this passage?
  1. What ingredients are needed to create healthy compost
  2. How to grow a thicker, healthier lawn or garden at home.
  3. When to recycle organic materials back into the soil to compost.
  4. Why composting can help people save money and protect the earth.
B. 
Which of these sentences most strongly supports the main idea of this passage?
  1. "Composting is nature's way of recycling organic materials back into the soil in order for the cycle of life to continue."
  2. "The billions of living organisms in healthy soil transform dead plants into vital nutrients for new plant growth."
  3. "You can start with just leaves and grass, then work your way towards composting your food scraps."
  4. "Adding compost to your garden can reduce or eliminate the need to buy chemical fertilizers or compost."
C. 
What is the main idea in the bulleted list?
  1. Composting is easily done with the various debris found in most backyards.
  2. Composting often pays for itself in the money saved on fertilizers and chemicals.
  3. Composting has multiple advantages for the average homeowner or gardener.
  4. Composting can make the country's landfills obsolete within a few years.
2. 
Addison limped into the kitchen, wincing with each step. Cooper watched as his younger sister quickly pulled out a chair and threw herself into it with obvious relief. It was clear that she was in pain and a quick glance at her heels explained why: both were red and sported large blisters.

"What happened to you?" Cooper asked, reaching automatically into the kitchen drawer for several adhesive bandages to put on her injured feet.

Addison's cheeks turned bright red; she avoided eye contact with her brother, as she softly muttered, "I forgot to wear my socks to track practice today." Despite her sincere attempt at an unintelligible response, Cooper heard and immediately smacked his forehead with the palm of his hand. He had lectured her endlessly about never running laps without socks; it virtually always resulted in nasty blisters exactly like those hampering her heels currently.

Cooper carefully applied the bandages to Addison's heels, and then picked up her sneakers. "What are your plans for my stinky shoes?" she asked with a grin.

Chuckling, he replied, "I'm stuffing each one with several pairs of socks so you don't forget again - a brother only applies so many bandages per year and you just met your quota."
A. 
What is the main idea in this passage?
  1. Brothers are often very kind.
  2. Blisters can be extremely painful.
  3. Running without socks is not a good idea.
  4. Sisters sometimes make thoughtless mistakes.
B. 
What was the primary reason the author had Addison attempt to give an unintelligible response to her brother?
  1. To show that Cooper doesn't understand Addison
  2. To shift the main focus from Addison to Cooper
  3. To emphasize Addison's confusion over what happened
  4. To show that Addison is embarrassed by her actions
C. 
What would be the best title for this passage?
  1. Accident at the Track
  2. A Brother's Concern
  3. Running Tips for Beginners
  4. Blister Care 101

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