Notes

This worksheet supports Common Core State Standards CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.1, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.1

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Making Inferences (Grade 7)

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Making Inferences

1. 
The next time you're online, think about what you share with others. Do you forward pictures or videos of your friends from your phone? Do you have a profile on a social network, or a blog?

You have tons of opportunities to share all kinds of information - about yourself, your family, and your friends - when you're online. Before you do, keep in mind: Your online actions can have real-world consequences. The pictures you post and the words you write can affect the people in your life. Think before you post and share.

Think Before You Share

What you post could have a bigger "audience" than you think.

Even if you use privacy settings, it's impossible to completely control who sees your social networking profile, pictures, videos, or texts. Before you click "send," think about how you will feel if your family, teachers, coaches, or neighbors find it.

Once you post information online, you can't take it back.

You may think that you've deleted a comment or a picture from a site - or that you will delete it later. Know that it may still be online or saved on someone else's computer.

Get someone's okay before you share photos or videos they're in.

Online photo albums are great for storing and sharing pictures. It's so easy to snap a shot and upload it instantly. Stop and think about your own privacy - and other people's - before you share photos and videos online. It can be embarrassing, unfair, and even unsafe to send or post photos and videos without getting permission from the people in them.

Politeness counts

Texting is just another way for people to have a conversation. Texters are just like people talking face-to-face or on the phone: they appreciate "please" and "thank you" (or pls and ty).

Tone it down.

In online conversations, using all CAPS, long rows of exclamation points or large bolded fonts is the same as shouting.

Avatars are people too.

When you're playing a game or exploring an online world where you can create a character and interact with others, remember real people are behind those characters on the screen. Respect their feelings just like you would in person. Remember that your character or avatar is a virtual version of you - what does it tell people about you and your interests?
A. 
Which conclusion is most likely true, based on the information in this text?
  1. Posting people's pictures on the web is offensive to many people.
  2. Almost everyone has an online blog that is designed to be accessible to the public.
  3. Online conversations are virtually identical to those held face to face.
  4. Posting information online without permission has caused problems for some friends and families.
B. 
Which statement about avatars is most likely true?
  1. Avatars are completely anonymous so demonstrate nothing personal.
  2. Avatars are online figures and cannot be used by anyone other than you.
  3. Avatars are exact replicas of you so reveal your appearance in detail.
  4. Avatars are chosen by you so contain subtle references to who you are.
C. 
Which statement about online privacy settings is most likely true?
  1. They are not considered infallible.
  2. They are easy for someone to hack and change.
  3. They are guaranteed to protect your online data.
  4. They are automatically put in place when you go online.
2. 
There's no doubt about it. Fire is dangerous! That's why you learn about fire safety when you're very young. You know, for example, that you should always give matches to an adult. But if you think about it, fire can also be useful. At home, your parents may barbeque delicious meals on the grill. A fire in the fireplace can keep you warm and cozy on wintry days.

In nature, fires in forests and grasslands can be useful, too. In fact, some fires are actually needed to keep the land healthy. Fires in nature don't always burn with huge flames and great heat. Such smaller fires clean out leaves and dried grass that have built up over a few years. They help recycle dead plants, releasing nutrients into the soil. The nutrients help new grass and other plants to grow. Many animals like to eat the tender, nutritious plants that return after a fire.

In addition, some plants actually need a fire. Certain pine cones won't open and drop their seeds without the heat of a fire. Fires can kill insects that harm trees. Even burned, dead trees are places where birds can nest or sit and watch for prey.

To help keep the land healthy, trained fire specialists sometimes set fires. Conditions
need to be just right, so that the fires do not get out of control. Fires started in the wrong conditions, without planning, or through carelessness can spread quickly and do a lot of damage. That's why if you live hear wild lands or visit them, it's important to be very careful with fire and to follow fire safety rules.
A. 
What is the main idea of this passage?
  1. Forest fires are responsible for great damage.
  2. All plants rely on the nutrients found in the soil.
  3. Forest fires can sometimes be quite beneficial.
  4. Animals typically prefer the tender shoots of new plants.
B. 
Which detail would fit best with the main idea in last paragraph?
  1. Instructions on how to put out a campfire
  2. The basic rules of overall fire safety
  3. What conditions specialists have to consider
  4. Details about the training fire experts must undergo
C. 
What would make the best title for this passage?
  1. An Ongoing Need for Fires Specialists
  2. The Destruction of Heat and Flames
  3. How to Keep Small Fires Under Control
  4. The Usefulness of Planned Forest Fires

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