Notes

This worksheet supports Common Core State Standard CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.9 and CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.9

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Compare and Contrast (Grade 9)

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Compare and Contrast

1. 
Samantha twirled around in front of the mirror for the fifth time in a row, and the skirt flared around her creating a rainbow of colors. "Can you believe how gorgeous this skirt is?" he asked Nora, her best friend. "I cannot believe I got it for 30 percent off at the discount department store this afternoon."

Nora smiled and nodded at her friend's rampant enthusiasm. "It really is an incredible skirt and it fits you absolutely perfectly," she replied. "Now, it is my turn - let me show you what I found at the local thrift market yesterday." She reached into a large paper bag and pulled out a lacy, delicate shawl in shades ranging from a deep purple to lavender. Draping it over her shoulders, she modeled in front of the mirror, twisting back and forth to glimpse it from every possible angle.

"Decidedly wonderful," agreed Samantha, but then frowned and added, "but doesn't it bother you to purchase used clothing rather than new? Wouldn't you rather have clothing where you are the first and only owner?"

Nora chuckled and, shaking her head, said, "I prefer it this way for a number of reasons but the first one can be found right here on the price tag. For the price of your department store skirt, even though it was on sale, I could have bought this shawl, along with a matching hat, shoes, and purse at the thrift store."

"Now that is a compelling reason," agreed Samantha as she began digging into the plastic store sack. "And if I can find the receipt, I'm taking this skirt back and then you and I are heading to the thrift store to pick up an entire outfit - or two."
A. 
How does the author demonstrate how Samantha has changed her mind?
  1. She convinces Nora to go to the department store with her.
  2. She suggests the girls wear their new clothes out together.
  3. She decides to take her skirt back and go to the thrift store.
  4. She asks Nora to trade her thrift store shawl for her new skirt.
B. 
What is one of the major differences between purchasing clothing at a department store or a thrift store?
  1. The price of the item
  2. The quality of the item
  3. The style of the item
  4. The size of the item
C. 
What factor did Samantha not like about Nora's shawl?
  1. The price she paid for it
  2. The location where she bought it
  3. The material used to make it
  4. The way it fits her friend
2. 
It flutters by, colorful wings flapping up and down gracefully on the summer breeze. If you take a closer look, you might wonder if it is a moth or a butterfly passing by. If you are not sure, do not worry because many people have the exact same struggle. The two insects are quite similar, but once you have learned the differences, you will most likely be able to identify each type at a glance.

Both moths and butterflies are covered in soft, hair-like scales, have two sets of delicate, patterned wings, and start their lives as caterpillars that later transform inside cocoons. The biggest difference between the two is found in their antenna. While a butterfly's antennae are long, and shaped like clubs, moths' antennae have rough or jagged edges like feathers or saws.

Between the two insects, butterflies are typically larger and far more colorful. Although moths have beautiful patterns on their wings, they tend to be in muted shades of gray and brown, as opposed to the bright and vibrant oranges, blues, reds, and greens of butterflies.

Perhaps the biggest clue as to whether you are seeing a moth or butterfly is the time of day you spot it. Butterflies prefer to fly around in the bright sunshine, while moths certainly favor the dark night hours.
A. 
What do butterflies have that moths do not?
  1. Bright colors
  2. Soft scales
  3. Patterned wings
  4. Feathered antenna
B. 
What is the primary difference between moths and butterflies?
  1. Moths have two set of wings.
  2. Moths tend to only fly at night.
  3. Moths begin life as a caterpillar.
  4. Moths have club-shaped antenna.
C. 
What factor do moths and butterflies have in common?
  1. Both have feathered antennae.
  2. Both have bright, colorful wings.
  3. Both have the same schedule for flying and sleeping.
  4. Both have a coating of soft scales like tiny hair.

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