Notes

This worksheet supports Common Core State Standard CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.9 and CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.9

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Compare and Contrast (Grades 11-12)

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Compare and Contrast

1. 
Tabitha opened the newspaper and spread it across the length of the kitchen table in what had become a morning routine. Job searching was not necessarily pleasant, but it was almost mandatory at this point. Despite the bleak unemployment rate in her city, Tabitha was determined to get a jump on finding a part-time summer job, so she spent each morning reading through columns of classified ads. All of her friends did their job searching online, so Tabitha hoped that by going the old-fashioned route, she might find hidden opportunities.

As she read through ads and considered the responsibilities, paycheck and hours that went with each potential job, she could not help but think about the advice her Aunt Sarah had given her last week.

"Stop perusing those newspaper ads," she had recommended, "and just go into business for yourself. You are an incredible musician and you could make a decent amount by spending your summer teaching other kids how to play the piano or the guitar."

Tabitha had to admit the idea of self-employment had its appeal. She spent a lot of time weighing the pros and cons of having her own business opposed to working for someone else. If she spent the summer teaching music lessons, she could largely determine her daily schedule, charge the rates she deemed appropriate, wear regular clothes instead of a uniform, and take on as many -”or as few- students as she wanted. On the other hand, having a regular job meant a regular paycheck, rather than one that might vary significantly depending on the number of students she might - or might not -get. Making the choice between the two options was challenging, but Tabitha had to admit that not looking through the ads every morning would be a definite pro!
A. 
Which benefit do both types of work share?
  1. They would allow Tabitha to practice her music skills.
  2. They would not require Tabitha to wear a uniform.
  3. They would provide Tabitha with more free time.
  4. They would put an end to reading the want ads.
B. 
What is one of the main reasons Tabitha is worried about teaching music?
  1. Not finding enough students
  2. Not getting a regular paycheck
  3. Not having enough free time over the summer
  4. Not being able to set her own daily schedule
C. 
What issue is this story comparing?
  1. Whether or not to get a summer job
  2. Whether online ads or newspaper ads are more effective
  3. Whether it is better work for someone or be self-employed
  4. Whether it is more fun to play the piano or the guitar
2. 
A blisteringly hot summer afternoon or a bitterly cold winter morning may feel like quite different environments, but they share a common factor: severe danger. Temperature extremes on both ends of the thermometer carry inherent risks to all living creatures. Many animal species follow their instincts and know when to seek shelter or hibernate. Human beings are not always as intuitive, and decide to challenge nature's seasonal threats. Unfortunately, Mother Nature is often the true victor in these situations.

Exposure to extreme heat, whether due to a powerful sun, or to the intense temperatures inside buildings, can result in everything from relatively mild heat exhaustion to the potentially fatal heat stroke. A number of internal and external factors impact how people cope with extreme heat. For example, age, weight, medical conditions, clothing, and the type of work being done can all affect a person's ability to tolerate high temperatures. The issue can be further complicated if there is high humidity or a lack of adequate air circulation.

Exposure to extreme cold is also quite threatening. Frostbite, especially to extremities such as fingers, toes, nose and ear lobes, is a danger. The greatest risk is hypothermia, in which the body loses its ability to warm itself. Without medical attention, it can be lethal. Dealing with the cold is additionally difficult if there is a strong wind or any type of precipitation.

Protection against extreme weather conditions is simple if people are educated about the risks. Knowing what symptoms to watch for, what clothing to wear - or not wear, and when to seek medical help is what keeps the temperature part of nature rather than a menace.
A. 
Which factor is most dangerous to someone suffering from possible hypothermia?
  1. Exposure to wind
  2. Lack of ventilation
  3. Extreme humidity
  4. Rising temperatures
B. 
What is the primary way to prevent danger from extreme temperatures?
  1. Shut down businesses during extreme variances in temperature.
  2. Educate people as to possible risks, prevention and treatments.
  3. Check workers for symptoms during particular times of the year.
  4. Wear protective types of clothing that covers up all exposed skin.
C. 
What do extreme cold and extreme heat have in common?
  1. Both occur in every part of the United States.
  2. Both are serious concerns in most business environments.
  3. Both carry serious risks to workers if they are exposed.
  4. Both result in the death of everyone involved.

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