Charles Darwin (Grade 7)
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According to Darwin's theory of evolution, how do new species evolve?
- artificial selection
- by random chance
- by natural selection
- by unnatural selection
Religious beliefs were a major source of the opposition to Darwin's theory.
Which best describes the prevailing view about the age of Earth and evolution before Darwin's voyage on the HMS Beagle?
- Earth and life are recent and have remained unchanged.
- Species evolved rapidly during the first six thousand to a few hundred thousand years.
- Earth is billions of years old, but species have not evolved.
- Species have evolved on Earth for billions of years.
- none of the above
Before and during Darwin's time, many theories of evolution had been proposed. With which of the following theories would Darwin most likely agree?
- Malthus's theory that species and populations were limited by available resources, lack of resources, competition and that competition drove evolution
- Cuvier's theory of catastrophism where abrupt changes, and the survivors of those changes were not new species at all.
- Lyell's theory of uniformity where a steady, gradual and lengthy molding of the Earth and its species took place occurred.
- Lamarck suggested theory that single simple forms could become more complex in an individual and thereby cause characteristics changes that could be inherited in the next generation.
Which of the following does NOT support Darwin's theory of evolution?
- fossil record
- homologous structures
- similarities in embryos
- differences in plants
In forming his theory of evolution, of what did Darwin mostly lack an adequate understanding?
Darwin gathered his early evidence of evolution from and especially noticed the remarkable differences in
- Galapagos Islands; Monkeys
- Galapagos Islands; Finches
- Galapagos Islands; Fish
- Hawaiian Islands; Fish
Darwin's friend, Alfred John Wallach, urged him to publish his book in 1859.
What was the name of the book Darwin published in 1859?
- Evolution Over Time
- Darwin and the HMS Beagle
- The Origin of Species
- The Origin of Evolution
How did Darwin's finches provide evidence for evolution?