Notes

This printable supports Common Core ELA Standards ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.1, ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.2

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Grammar in Poetry (Grade 10)

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Grammar in Poetry

Instructions: Use the stanzas from Lewis Carroll's "The Walrus and the Carpenter" to answer the questions.

1. 
"The sun was shining on the sea,
Shining with all his might:
He did his very best to make
The billows smooth and bright --
And this was odd, because it was
The middle of the night."

In the second line of this stanza, why does the poet use a colon?



2. 
"The sun was shining on the sea,
Shining with all his might:
He did his very best to make
The billows smooth and bright --
And this was odd, because it was
The middle of the night."

In which line of this stanza does the poet use a colon?
  1. Line 1
  2. Line 2
  3. Line 5
  4. Line 6
3. 
"The moon was shining sulkily,
Because she thought the sun
Had got no business to be there
After the day was done --
"It's very rude of him," she said,
"To come and spoil the fun."

In this stanza, why does the poet use dashes in line four?



4. 
"The moon was shining sulkily,
Because she thought the sun
Had got no business to be there
After the day was done --
"It's very rude of him," she said,
"To come and spoil the fun."

In line three, the poet uses the verb "had got."
Is this usage grammatically correct? Explain.



5. 
"The sea was wet as wet could be,
The sands were dry as dry.
You could not see a cloud, because
No cloud was in the sky:
No birds were flying overhead --
There were no birds to fly."

In the stanza above, how does the poet use parallel structure?



6. 
"The Walrus and the Carpenter
Were walking close at hand;
They wept like anything to see
Such quantities of sand:
`If this were only cleared away,'
They said, `it would be grand!'"

Which choice describes how the semicolon is used at the end of line 2?
  1. To connect two independent, but related clauses
  2. To separate elements in a series
  3. To set apart introductory words
  4. To connect two sentences with a coordinating conjunction
7. 
"The Walrus and the Carpenter
Were walking close at hand;
They wept like anything to see
Such quantities of sand:
`If this were only cleared away,'
They said, `it would be grand!'"

Which choice best explains how the poet uses the colon at the end of line 4?
  1. To connect two closely-related clauses
  2. To introduce dialogue
  3. To introduce a list
  4. To emphasize a key point
8. 
"The eldest Oyster looked at him,
But never a word he said:
The eldest Oyster winked his eye,
And shook his heavy head --
Meaning to say he did not choose
To leave the oyster-bed."

Which choice best represents how the poet uses the colon in line 2?
  1. To introduce dialogue
  2. To introduce a list
  3. To emphasize a key point
  4. To connect two closely-related clauses
9. 
"The eldest Oyster looked at him,
But never a word he said:
The eldest Oyster winked his eye,
And shook his heavy head --
Meaning to say he did not choose
To leave the oyster-bed."

Why does the poet use a hyphen between oyster and bed?



10. 
"`The time has come,' the Walrus said,
`To talk of many things:
Of shoes -- and ships -- and sealing-wax --
Of cabbages -- and kings --
And why the sea is boiling hot --
And whether pigs have wings.'"

In this particular stanza, why does the poet use dashes?



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