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This printable supports Common Core ELA Standard ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.2.A

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Hyphenation Conventions (Grades 11-12)

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Hyphenation Conventions

1. 
Use a hyphen to connect two words functioning as an adjective before a noun.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. Mr. Harrison was a well-respected member of society.
  2. Mr. Harrison was well-respected.
  3. Long-term-planning is something ever high school should do.
  4. On my birthday, I will turn twenty-one.
2. 
Use a hyphen with a compound modifier.
Which sentence correctly uses this rule?
  1. They were ready to rock-hard at the concert.
  2. She was disappointed by the rock-hard cake at her wedding.
  3. He sent the cops on a wild-goose-chase.
  4. At a four way stop, the car that gets there first has the right-of-way.
3. 
Use a hyphen with a noun, adjective, or adverb and a present participle when they come before a noun.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. The doctor prescribed some medicine that was fast-acting.
  2. The doctor prescribed a fast-acting medication.
  3. Those were some beautiful looking flowers.
  4. It was a heavily-decorated room.
4. 
Use a hyphen with compound expressions.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. Cars should try-to-avoid driving the wrong way on one way streets.
  2. Cars should try to avoid driving the wrong way on one-way-streets.
  3. Cars should try to avoid driving the wrong-way on one way streets.
  4. Cars should try to avoid driving the wrong way on one-way streets.
5. 
Use a hyphen in compound adjectives with numbers when the number comes first.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. Students will learn how to multiply in year-3 of their schooling.
  2. She is going into her third-year of school.
  3. I am going to college to study to be a first-grade teacher.
  4. When I graduate, I want to teach first-grade.
6. 
Use a hyphen in a compound adjective with the words high or low.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. The school serves free lunch to children from low-income families.
  2. When I quit my job, I took one that offered a low-income.
  3. A family with a low-income has trouble making ends meet.
  4. The high-interest caused officials to schedule more programming.
7. 
Use hyphens in compound adjectives with comparatives or superlatives.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. They were a low-income family.
  2. They were a family with a lower-income.
  3. It was a lower-stress job.
  4. The baby needed smaller-clothes.
8. 
Use a hyphen in a compound adjective with a fraction.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. I ate half-a-pizza.
  2. Half-of-a-pepperoni pizza was left.
  3. I half-wanted to eat the entire pizza, but I knew I had to save some for others.
  4. Three-quarters are equal to 75-cents or 75-percent of a dollar.
9. 
Use hyphens with prefixes ex, self, and all, but only when ex means former.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. The ex-principal wished he could get his job back.
  2. My sister showed she was very self-ish when she ate the last piece of pizza.
  3. To be omniscient means to be allknowing.
  4. The self-serves itself.
10. 
Use a hyphen between a prefix and a capitalized word.
Which choice correctly uses this rule?
  1. We live in a post-baby era.
  2. Many people who burn the flag are anti-American.
  3. We took steps to start pre-planning for retirement.
  4. I am pro Canadian.

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