Notes

This printable supports Common Core ELA Standards ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2, ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.3, ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4 and ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6

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Analyzing an Informational Passage (Grade 8)

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Analyzing an Informational Passage

The first official observance of Labor Day was Tuesday September 5, 1882 in New York City. The holiday was created by the Central Labor Union to recognize the contributions of the American worker. In 1884 the first Monday in September was selected to be the annual day of celebration. The Central Labor Union tried to encourage groups in other cities to follow the example of a workingmen's holiday. The government first began recognizing the holiday through ordinances in 1885 and 1886. The first bill to become a law recognizing Labor Day was passed in Oregon in February of 1887. By June of 1894, the majority of states had recognized the holiday, so the federal government passed a law making the observance of Labor Day each first Monday in September a legal holiday. The holiday is celebrated by workers and others nationwide in street parades and festivals.
1. 
The passage above uses its text structure?
  1. to give comparisons of Labor Day celebrations.
  2. to describe how people celebrate Labor Day.
  3. to give a history of the Labor Day holiday.
  4. to show the effect of Labor Day on the country.
2. 
Which organizational pattern did the author use for this passage?
  1. cause and effect
  2. sequential order
  3. compare/contrast
  4. description
3. 
Read the following passage...

More than 100 years after the first Labor Day observance, there is still some doubt as to who first proposed the holiday for workers.

Some records show that Peter J. McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a cofounder of the American Federation of Labor, was first in suggesting a day to honor those "who from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold."

But Peter McGuire's place in Labor Day history has not gone unchallenged. Many believe that Matthew Maguire, a machinist, not Peter McGuire, founded the holiday. Recent research seems to support the contention that Matthew Maguire, later the secretary of Local 344 of the International Association of Machinists in Paterson, N.J., proposed the holiday in 1882 while serving as secretary of the Central Labor Union in New York. What is clear is that the Central Labor Union adopted a Labor Day proposal and appointed a committee to plan a demonstration and picnic.

According to both passages, who or what was responsible for the creation of Labor Day?



4. 
Based on the purpose of Labor Day, why is it fitting that workers often get Labor Day off?



5. 
Read the following passage:

The character of the Labor Day celebration has undergone a change in recent years, especially in large industrial centers where mass displays and huge parades have proved a problem. This change, however, is more a shift in emphasis and medium of expression. Labor Day addresses by leading union officials, industrialists, educators, clerics and government officials are given wide coverage in newspapers, radio, and television.

How does the description of how Labor Day is celebrated differ between the passages?



6. 
In the passage, the word OBSERVANCE most likely means...
  1. Practice or ceremony
  2. Memorial or somber event
  3. Normal day activities
  4. Pomp and circumstance
7. 
"But Peter McGuire's place in Labor Day history has not gone unchallenged. Many believe that Matthew Maguire, a machinist, not Peter McGuire, founded the holiday. Recent research seems to support the contention that Matthew Maguire, later the secretary of Local 344 of the International Association of Machinists in Paterson, N.J., proposed the holiday in 1882 while serving as secretary of the Central Labor Union in New York. What is clear is that the Central Labor Union adopted a Labor Day proposal and appointed a committee to plan a demonstration and picnic."

Why does the author of this particular passage about Labor Day likely include the conflicting accounts?
  1. To show that it ultimately doesn't matter who came up with the idea.
  2. To provide an alternate take on the significance of Labor Day
  3. To introduce a different date for Labor Day
  4. To show the ridiculousness of the holiday in general
8. 
Memorial Day starts the summer and Labor Day ends the summer. Many people confuse the two holidays, but remembering the meaning of the word "labor," can help them distinguish between the two.

What does the word LABOR mean?
  1. the process of childbirth
  2. hard work
  3. make an effort
  4. remember key people or events
9. 
In modern times, Labor Day is often celebrated with large sales at retail stores. Why is this ironic?



10. 
"The government first began recognizing the holiday through ordinances in 1885 and 1886."

The word ORDINANCES most likely means...
  1. a religious rite
  2. an authoritative order
  3. a piece of legislation enacted by a city
  4. a regular event

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