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Ferns and their Relatives (Grades 11-12)

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Ferns and their Relatives

1. 
Which of the following characteristics is NOT shared by club mosses and horsetails?
  1. large sporophytes
  2. microphyll-type leaves
  3. apical growth
  4. true roots
 
2. 
Which of the following clades includes the horsetails and the ferns?
  1. streptophytes
  2. euphyllophytes
  3. monilophytes
  4. bryophytes
3. 
How are the megaphylls found in ferns thought to have evolved?
  1. as a result of branch flattening
  2. spontaneously in multiple lineages
  3. from a sterile sporangia
  4. by the process of amphidiploidy
 
4. 
Which structure do ferns use for reproduction?
  1. a seed
  2. a microphyll
  3. a megaphyll
  4. a spore
5. 
What stage of the fern's life cycle is readily visible to the naked eye?
  1. the sporophyte stage
  2. the gametophyte stage
  3. the haploid stage
  4. the embryophyte stage
 
6. 
What are the clusters of spores called that are found on the underside of the fern fronds?
  1. megaphylls
  2. microphylls
  3. sori
  4. rhizoids
7. 
Which of the following would provide evidence that a plant is heterosporous?
  1. It would have a single type of spore.
  2. It would reproduce only during the rainy season.
  3. It would have both a megaspore and a microspore.
  4. It would produce only the sporophyte stage of the life cycle.
 
8. 
Ferns and their relatives do not produce                  but do possess vascular tissue.
9. 
The internal tubes that ferns have evolved for the transport of materials are collectively called                         .
 
10. 
In general terms, how are the life cycles of a moss and a fern similar?



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