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Virus Anatomy and Physiology (Grade 10)

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Virus Anatomy and Physiology

1. 
A virus exhibits all of the characteristics of life.
  1. True
  2. False
2. 
The Anatomy of a Virus
Common Virus
A. 
Which structure of the virus is used to attach to the bacterial membrane?
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 4
  4. 5
B. 
Which structure of the virus is represented by the number 3?
  1. head
  2. sheath
  3. base plate
  4. tail fibers
C. 
Which structure of the virus contains the genetic material?
  1. collar
  2. head
  3. sheath
  4. base plate
D. 
Which structure of the virus is represented by the number 2?
  1. collar
  2. head
  3. tail fibers
  4. base plate
E. 
The tail fibers of a virus are attached to the base plate, which is identified by the number            in the diagram.
3. 
Which of these is required for a bacteriophage to infect a bacterial cell?
  1. There needs to be a tolerable temperature in the environment.
  2. The bacterial cell needs to have the proper receptor proteins on its surface.
  3. The bacteriophage needs to have been created within the previous 24 hours.
  4. There needs to be adequate energy stored within the bacteriophage for it to inject its genetic material.
4. 
A                              is an inoculation that causes the immune system to build up resistance to a disease.
5. 
What is the protein coat called that covers the genetic material of a virus?
  1. a cell wall
  2. a cell membrane
  3. a capsid
  4. a dermal layer
6. 
HIV is the virus that causes the AIDS disease. It is a special kind of virus because it replicates itself in a backwards fashion compared to other viruses. Why kind of virus is HIV considered because of this behavior?
  1. HIV is a retrovirus.
  2. HIV is a hanta virus.
  3. HIV is a temporovirus.
  4. HIV is a latent virus

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