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General Compare and Contrast (Grade 10)

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General Compare and Contrast

1. 
A Dose of Energy or Sugar

Whether they are staying up late studying, working a graveyard shift or binging on their favorite TV show, people of all ages are turning to energy drinks and soda to stay awake. Many people start drinking soda as children, and then graduate onto energy drinks in later years.

These two beverages definitely have a number of factors in common. Both are easy to purchase, and are designed to increase a person’s energy levels. The primary difference between the two popular beverages is in their levels of caffeine and sugar.

For decades, soda has been the popular choice because it is easily accessible, sold everywhere from grocery stores to vending machines, and coffee shops to gas stations. Soda is generally quite affordable, comes in large packages and is socially acceptable. Its sugar content is often shockingly high, with an average of 10.2 teaspoons of sugar in a mere 12 ounces. Caffeine amounts range from 0 mg to 55 mg, depending on the brand. This is less than an eight-ounce cup of coffee, which averages 100 mg of caffeine.

On the other hand, some brands of energy drinks contain far more caffeine than the typical cup of coffee. One brand manages to fit more than 200 mg of caffeine in only two ounces. While this important health information is posted right on the label, consumers rarely ever look. Energy drinks do tend to contain less sugar than soda, and, like their soda counterparts, can be found on sale virtually everywhere.

While some people gulp down an icy soda following a work out, others guzzle an energy drink before they workout, hoping the artificially-induced energy burst will make it easier to get through the exertion. Some even believe that the physical activity will cancel out the sugary ingredients of the energy drink. Unfortunately, television commercials only serve to support this misconception.
A. 
What factor do energy drinks and sodas have in common?
  1. Both have more caffeine than a cup of coffee.
  2. Both are highly accessible to consumers.
  3. Both are used to help boost energy for exercising.
  4. Both are dependent on a type of jargon.
B. 
What is the primary difference between energy drinks and soda?
  1. How popular they have become in today’s society
  2. What types of stores tend to sell the products
  3. How much caffeine and sugar each one contains
  4. What impact they have on energy levels
C. 
What feature do energy drinks offer that soda does not?
  1. Energy drinks have significantly less sugar than soda.
  2. Energy drinks come in smaller containers than soda.
  3. Energy drinks are easier to find in convenience stores.
  4. Energy drinks improve a person’s exercise routine.
D. 
While most people drink a cold can of soda after exercising, they typically drink energy drinks before they exercise.
  1. True
  2. False
E. 
Important nutritional information is listed on beverages, but consumers tend to not                them.
2. 
To the Extreme

When you think about sports, you may picture an inning of baseball, a round of golf, or a quarter of basketball. You may imagine green fields with goals, stadiums full of yelling fans, or a ball being kicked, thrown, hit, or dribbled in one direction or another.

So, what does a person plunging out of an airplane, climbing a sheer cliff side, or jumping off a bridge with just an over=sized rubber band have to do with sports? They are played by extreme sports fans, also known as adrenaline junkies. These people thrill in pushing their bodies, skills, gear and courage to the breaking point. When they do so, they experience an adrenaline rush, releasing endorphins in the brain, and creating a happy—even euphoric—feeling. It is possible to get addicted to this experience and as time goes on, to escalate the intensity of the sport in order to ramp up the adrenaline.

Extreme sports feature a number of beneficial side effects. The high physical demand typically results in good exercise and quick weight loss. Those that excel at a particular facet of this field can participate in national and even international competitions and end up getting media attention. An "extreme sport athlete" is commonly treated as cool, daring, and even glamorous by their friends and coworkers.

Participating in this type of sports requires courage—and often a significant amount of money. First, there is the training to learn the skill sets and certificates required to participate in the sports, and second, there is the cost of equipment and the travel costs to go where the athletes can perform their sport. Finally, there is the greatest cost of all: life. An adrenaline rush requires an element of danger, and that danger can turn fatal. Without the proper lessons, experience, equipment, and caution, extreme sport athletes can die, paying the highest penalty possible.
A. 
What two things is this passage comparing?
  1. The popularity of traditional sports versus extreme sports
  2. The benefits and drawbacks involved in extreme sports.
  3. The physical and emotional effects of playing sports.
  4. The cost of training for traditional sports versus extreme.
B. 
Which statement about extreme sports athletes is the most accurate?
  1. They are more skilled than traditional athletes.
  2. They are more popular than traditional athletes.
  3. They take bigger risks than traditional athletes.
  4. They make more money than traditional athletes.
C. 
What is a primary reason a person decides to get involved in an extreme sport?
  1. To set a new world record
  2. To experience an adrenalin rush
  3. To reduce overall costs of equipment
  4. To lose weight as fast as possible
D. 
Endorphins released in the brain result in a person feeling little to no pain.
  1. True
  2. False
E. 
Extreme sports athletes need a great deal of courage and time, as well as                 .
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