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Respiratory System Anatomy and Physiology (Grades 11-12)

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Respiratory System Anatomy and Physiology

1. 
The                 System is the body system in which gas exchange takes place.
  1. Respiratory
  2. Circulatory
  3. Lymphatic
  4. Metabolic
2. 
Write the letter (A - K) that corresponds with each structure of the respiratory system.

Respiratory System

Right bronchus           

Left bronchus           

Larynx           

Diaphragm           

Trachea           

Lung           

Alveoli           

Nose           

Bronchiole           

Mouth           

Esophagus           
3. 
What is the main function of the nose?
  1. to exchange oxygen with carbon dioxide
  2. to warm and moisten the air entering the body
  3. to create the force that causes inspiration
  4. to initiate blood flow to the lungs for gas exchange
4. 
What part of the brain is considered the control center for breathing?
  1. the cerebrum
  2. the cerebellum
  3. the frontal lobe
  4. the medulla oblongata
5. 
What is the function of the pharynx?
  1. The pharynx serves as the passage between the mouth and the trachea.
  2. The pharynx is the specific location where gas exchanges in the lungs.
  3. The pharynx keeps foreign particles from entering the respiratory system.
  4. The pharynx is essential for maintaining proper concentrations of gases within the blood.
6. 
The instrument used by doctors to measure the volume of air exchanged while breathing is called a(n)                           .
7. 
What is the tidal volume in reference to breathing?
  1. Tidal volume is the amount of air left in the lungs after a forced exhalation.
  2. Tidal volume is the amount of air that is exchanged during a normal inhalation and expiration.
  3. Tidal volume is the maximum amount of air that can be forces into the lungs at any given time.
  4. Tidal volume is the amount of air that can be taken in during a normal inspiration.
8. 
Which molecule is an essential part of the process of gas exchange within the lungs?
  1. keratin
  2. hemoglobin
  3. glucose
  4. chlorophyll
9. 
How is Boyle's Law related to the process of breathing?



10. 
                   is a common disorder of the respiratory system that is characterized by recurring inflammation of the bronchi, making it very hard to breathe.

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