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RNA and Protein Synthesis (Grade 10)

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RNA and Protein Synthesis

1. 
What is the sugar that comprises the structure indicated by #2 in the diagram?
RNA
  1. ribose
  2. deoxyribose
  3. glucose
  4. cellulose
2. 
What describes the synthesis of RNA with a template that has DNA?
  1. transcription
  2. translation
  3. photosynthesis
  4. respiration
3. 
Which bases of DNA hydrogen bond to which bases of RNA?



4. 
List key differences between the structure of RNA and the structure of DNA







5. 
Which kind of RNA is produced during transcripton in a cell's nucleus?
  1. mRNA
  2. rRNA
  3. tRNA
6. 
If a strand of mRNA is AUAGCCUU, then what is the corresponding anticodon be?
  1. ATAGCCTT
  2. CACGCCAA
  3. UAUCGGAA
  4. GUGCAAUU
7. 
What is the relationship between the DNA strand and the codon molecule?



8. 
The site at which transcription begins on the DNA strand is called the                        site.
9. 
During                           , RNA polymerase synthesizes the RNA transcription factors.
10. 
There are four nitrogen bases and three bases in each codon. This make a possible 64 base combinations. If there are only 20 known amino acids, why are there so many possible combinations? Support your answer with evidence.



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