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Kinetic Energy and Temperature (Grades 11-12)

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Kinetic Energy and Temperature

1. 
Which of the following forms of energy is most closely related to temperature?
  1. average thermal energy
  2. average potential energy
  3. total electrical energy
  4. average kinetic energy
 
2. 
Which sample of matter has the lowest average kinetic energy?
  1. 50. g at 33ºC and 3.0 atm
  2. 50. g at 367 K and 1.0 atm
  3. 50. g at -55ºC and 2.0 atm
  4. 50. g at 273 K and 4.0 atm
3. 
Which of the following samples of matter contains particles with the highest average kinetic energy?
  1. A sample of matter with a volume of 35 mL, at 25ºC
  2. A sample of matter with a volume of 125 mL, at 25ºC
  3. A sample of matter with a volume of 32 mL, at 99ºC
  4. A sample of matter with a volume of 130 mL, at 15ºC
 
4. 
Which of the following statements correctly describes changes in the motion of particles as the temperature of a container is decreased from 45ºC to 22ºC?
  1. The particles contract, in terms of their size
  2. The particles expand, in terms of their size
  3. The particles move more quickly
  4. The particles move more slowly
5. 
Which of the following descriptions describes an increase in kinetic energy?
  1. evaporation
  2. condensation
  3. freezing
  4. the heating of a solid
 
6. 
Which of the following describes a decrease in kinetic energy?
  1. deposition
  2. the cooling of a solid
  3. condensation
  4. evaporation
7. 
Which of the following situations describes an instance in which kinetic energy is constant, while potential energy increases?
  1. melting
  2. the heating of a liquid
  3. the cooling of a gas
  4. the cooling of a solid
 
8. 
Which of the following situations describes an instance in which kinetic energy is constant, while potential energy decreases?
  1. Cooling of a gas
  2. Evaporation of a liquid
  3. Condensation of a gas
  4. Cooling of a solid
9. 
Convert -39ºC to Kelvins.



 
10. 
The temperature at which all motion ceases is 0ºC.
  1. True
  2. False
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