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Neutralization Reactions (Grade 10)

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Neutralization Reactions

Instructions: Answer the following questions, based on your knowledge of chemistry.

1. 
What is produced when an acid reacts with a base?
  1. a base and water
  2. water and ethane
  3. salt and water
  4. water only
 
2. 
Which of the following substances could be used to neutralize KOH?
  1. [math] CH_3 OH [/math]
  2. [math] CH_3 COOH [/math]
  3. [math] CH_4 [/math]
  4. [math] CH_3 COONa [/math]
3. 
Which two reactants would form the salt [math] Na_3 PO_4 [/math]?
  1. [math] H_2 O and NaOH [/math]
  2. [math] H_3 PO_3 and NaOH [/math]
  3. [math] H_2 PO_4 and KOH [/math]
  4. [math] H_3 PO_4 and NaOH [/math]
 
4. 
Hydrochloric acid, [math]HCl[/math], can be used to neutralize strontium hydroxide, [math] Sr(OH)_2 [/math]. What is the formula for the salt produced?
  1. [math]SrCl[/math]
  2. [math] SrCl_2 [/math]
  3. [math] H_3 OCl [/math]
  4. [math] SrCl_3 [/math]
5. 
How do the concentrations of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions compare to one another, assuming that neutralization has occurred?
  1. They are equal in concentration
  2. There is a higher concentration of hydronium ions
  3. There is a higher concentration of hydroxide ions
  4. Hydronium ions and hydroxide ions are not present in a neutralization reaction
 
6. 
When NaOH and [math] H_2 SO_4 [/math] react, which parts of each compound form water in the neutralization reaction?
  1. The hydrogen ion in the acid and an oxygen ion in the base
  2. The hydrogen ion in the acid and the metal in the base
  3. The hydrogen ion in the acid and the hydroxide ion in the base
  4. The hydroxide ion in the base and the nonmetals in the acid
7. 
Which of the following compounds would NOT serve as a reactant in a neutralization reaction?
  1. [math] CH_3 OH [/math]
  2. [math] CH_3 COOH [/math]
  3. HCl
  4. [math] Ba(OH)_2 [/math]
 
8. 
Which of the following represents a neutralization reaction?
  1. [math] NH_3 + HCl rarr NH_4 Cl [/math]
  2. [math] 2NO rarr N_2 + O_2 [/math]
  3. [math] NaOH + HCl rarr NaCl + H_2 O [/math]
  4. [math] Pb(NO_3)_2 + 2KCl rarr PbCl_2 + 2KNO_3 [/math]
9. 
All neutralization reactions are double replacement reactions.
  1. True
  2. False
 
10. 
Write the products of the neutralization reaction shown below:
[math] HNO_2 + Ca(OH)_2 rarr ? [/math]



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