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Coastal Geology (Grade 9)

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Coastal Geology

1. 
The shape of the shoreline has only a small influence on the magnitude of the tides experienced at that location.
  1. True
  2. False
 
2. 
Barrier islands are stable places to build homes and hotels.
  1. True
  2. False
3. 
An atoll would be an island formed by                               .
  1. an underwater volcano
  2. sediments deposited by a river
  3. a coral reef
  4. a projection from the mainland
 
4. 
A small ridge of sand or gravel just offshore from a beach is called a                .
  1. dike
  2. bar
  3. moraine
  4. drumlin
5. 
The main process that forms a beach is                .
  1. weathering
  2. erosion
  3. deposition
  4. oxidation
 
6. 
What is a narrow, sandy island, formed from a large bar, lying off the coast of the mainland?
  1. key
  2. islet
  3. barrier island
  4. atoll
7. 
An example of land formed by wind deposits is a                .
  1. sand dune
  2. sea stack
  3. moraine
  4. mudflow
 
8. 
Estuaries are                    coastal basins that tend to be                    compared to other coastal geological features.
  1. old; long-lived
  2. old; short-lived
  3. young; long-lived
  4. young; short-lived
9. 
Which of the following are sources that tend to increase the volume of sand on a beach?
  1. cliff erosion, longshore transport, offshore transport
  2. river sediment, cliff erosion, longshore transport
  3. offshore transport, wind erosion, river sediment
  4. wind erosion, longshore transport, river sediment
 
10. 
Seawalls are often constructed along shorelines to protect property and infrastructure. Which describes a consequence of seawall presence?
  1. seawalls reduce coastal water energy
  2. seawalls trap sand and create beaches
  3. seawalls impede longshore drift of sediment
  4. seawalls increase sand erosion from coastlines
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