Compare and Contrast Communication (Grades 11-12)

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Compare and Contrast Communication

1. 
With and Without Words

Have you ever had a conversation with someone without ever uttering a single word? Chances are you have, and you accomplished it by using a wide variety of facial expressions, hand gestures, and other body language cues. How much of a single message is expressed verbally and how much of it comes through nonverbally depends on many factors including the location, culture, message, the person sending—and the one receiving, and familiarity they have with each other. Clearly, a close friend, family member, or spouse is going to communicate in ways that are easier for you to recognize and respond to than those of a complete stranger. Some studies have indicated that as much as 90 percent of any message is communicated via nonverbal means.

Both verbal and nonverbal messages carry meaning and when they are congruent or complementary, the message is often clear and understandable. Nonverbal cues can reinforce, add to, clarify, elaborate, and explain the message embedded in the verbal portion of the message. However, when the body language clues conflict or contradict the verbal message, confusion is a common response. If the two do not agree, studies have shown that people will tend to believe the nonverbal message over the one put into words.
A. 
Which detail about nonverbal communication is the most accurate?
  1. If it is in conflict with words, people will generally choose the nonverbal message.
  2. Experts disagree on what percentage of a message is communicated nonverbally.
  3. A nonverbal message is much easier to understand and is rarely confusing or misleading.
  4. The more you know a person, the less chance of using nonverbal methods of communication.
B. 
What is an example of nonverbal communication?
  1. Singing a song
  2. Reading out loud
  3. Waving goodbye
  4. Reciting a speech
C. 
Which factor does not typically affect the nonverbal message between two people?
  1. The sender
  2. The length
  3. The culture
  4. The location
D. 
How much of a message comes through nonverbally does not change from one person to the next.
  1. True
  2. False
E. 
                   expressions include smiling, frowning, winking, and wincing.
2. 
Watching the Tube

If there is one thing virtually all Americans have in common is that they like their television sets. Ninety-nine percent of all American homes have at least one, and 65 percent have three or more. Each year students spend an average of 900 hours in school—and 300 more than that sitting front of the television. The pervasiveness of television is not in question in this country, but the question of whether or not these hours spent watching is beneficial or damaging certainly is.

Certainly, there are enormous advantages to watching television. A number of shows encourage reading to learn additional information, and multiple educational channels facilitate learning in multimedia ways. In addition, as many proponents point out, television opens the world to people, allowing them an effective way to witness places, creatures, and events they would not be able to do otherwise. Families who watch the same shows have a bond and connection that leads to conversation and rapport.
On the other hand, opponents to television emphasize that if people are watching then they are not reading, playing outside, exercising, and a variety of other healthy activities. If families watch different shows, it pulls them apart, keeping them separate within the home, and further limiting interaction.
A. 
What two things is this passage comparing?
  1. The number of televisions in the U.S. and in other countries
  2. The amount of time in school and spent watching television
  3. The best and worst channels for educational broadcasting
  4. The pros and cons of watching television
B. 
Which statement about watching television is the most accurate?
  1. People who watch too much stop doing any other activities.
  2. Television watchers always become avid readers.
  3. Watching television shows can bring families together.
  4. Many people use more than one television at a time.
C. 
What is a one way television could support a student in school?
  1. By featuring educational channels
  2. By restricting how many hours they can watch
  3. By mandating only one television set per household
  4. By encouraging families to watch shows together
D. 
More than half of the homes in the U.S. own at least three television sets.
  1. True
  2. False
E. 
When families watch separate shows in separate rooms, it can damage the amount of                                they have.

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