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Fall Reading Comprehension (Grade 3)

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Fall Reading Comprehension

1. 
A favorite American pastime in fall is to pack a picnic and head out to the country for a scenic drive. People enjoy the cool weather and love looking at the countryside as the leaves turn from green to beautiful shades of yellow, red, orange, brown, and purple. While you may love looking at the beautiful leaves and enjoy playing in a big pile of freshly raked leaves, how often do you stop and think about the science behind it all?

What makes the leaves turn a beautiful color? Cool nights and sunny days. That's right. Factors such as the temperature, the amount of sunlight, rainfall, and moisture in the soil all play a part in the changing colors of the leaves. These factors help determine when leaves start to change and how vibrant the colors are when they do. A wet growing season followed by cool, sunny fall days and frostless nights equal the most colorful and longest lasting fall display.
A. 
The author wants to add a picture to the passage.
Which picture best supports what the passage is about?
  1. Fall - Tree - Small
  2. Fall - Harvest - Small
  3. Fall - Acorns - Small
  4. Fall - Umbrella - Small
B. 
What is the main purpose of the passage?
  1. To give a detailed explanation of how leaves change color in the fall
  2. To offer a brief explanation of how weather has an effect on the changing colors of the leaves
  3. To explain why people like to look at leaves in the fall
  4. To describe a magical process by which leaves change color
C. 
Which weather is best for creating colorful leaves?
  1. Wet and cold
  2. Cold and sunny
  3. Freezing and sunny
  4. Dry and sunny
2. 
Leaf color comes from pigments. Pigments are natural substances produced by leaf cells. The three pigments that color leaves are:

chlorophyll (green)
carotenoid (yellow, orange, and brown)
anthocyanin (red)

Chlorophyll is the most important of the three. Without the chlorophyll in leaves, trees wouldn't be able to use sunlight to produce food.

Carotenoids create bright yellows and oranges in familiar fruits and vegetables.

Anthocyanins add the color red to plants.

Chlorophyll and carotenoid are in leaf cells all the time during the growing season. But the chlorophyll covers the carotenoid -- that's why summer leaves are green, not yellow or orange. Most anthocyanins are produced only in autumn, and only under certain conditions. Not all trees can make anthocyanin.

(Adapted from the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources)
A. 
Fall - Corn - Small

Based on the passage, what does the fruit or vegetable in this picture contain the most of?
  1. Carotenoid
  2. Anthocyanin
  3. Chlorophyll
  4. None of the above
B. 
Fall - Apple - Small
Based on the passage, what does the fruit or vegetable in this picture contain a lot of?
  1. Carotenoid
  2. Anthocyanin
  3. Chlorophyll
  4. None of the above
C. 
Fall - Pumkin - Small
Based on the passage, what does the fruit or vegetable in this picture contain a lot of?
  1. Carotenoid
  2. Anthocyanin
  3. Chlorophyll
  4. None of the above
D. 
Based on the information in the passage, you can infer that apples usually grow when?
  1. Winter
  2. Spring
  3. Summer
  4. Autumn
E. 
The passage says that chlorophyll helps make leaves green and covers the cartenoids. What, then, can you infer about why leaves change color in the fall?



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