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America's First Fifty Years (Grade 8)

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America's First Fifty Years

1. 
In 1819, the Supreme Court ruled in the case of McCullough v. Maryland that
  1. all federal laws must also win the approval of state legislatures.
  2. states had no power to interfere with federal institutions.
  3. the federal government cannot pass a law that violates a state law.
  4. states had the power to levy taxes on federal banks.
2. 
Andrew Jackson found his greatest support among
  1. northern factory workers.
  2. Native Americans.
  3. common people.
  4. supporters of high tariffs.
3. 
The forced removal of the Cherokees to Oklahoma was known as the
  1. Walk to Freedom.
  2. Long March.
  3. Last Stand.
  4. Trail of Tears.
4. 
The Monroe Doctrine was issued in 1823 and was one of the nations first major foreign policy statements. What was its major point?
  1. The U.S. would consider any attempt by Europe to colonize land in the Americas as a threat to it's "peace and safety."
  2. The US would have free trade with Latin America.
  3. The US would fight against communist expansion
  4. The US would strike first with military force
5. 
Having the right to vote is known by the following term:
  1. Sovereignty
  2. Manifest Destiny
  3. Suffrage
  4. Flappers
6. 
Which of the following was NOT a way in which the Cherokees' culture was similar
to that of white Americans?
  1. The Cherokees had farms and businesses.
  2. The Cherokees had an army and a navy.
  3. The Cherokees had a written language.
  4. The Cherokees had their own schools.
7. 
How did the case of Dartmouth College v. Woodward help to promote capitalism?
  1. The Supreme Court ruled that states could not pass tax laws that violated federal tax laws.
  2. The Supreme Court ruled that only the states could regulate interstate commerce.
  3. The Supreme Court ruling in this case protected private contracts.
  4. The Supreme Court ruled that states could not tax branches of the National Bank.
8. 
The Native Americans forced to leave their lands in the East to settle in the West during Andrew Jackson's presidency included all of the following EXCEPT the
  1. Cherokees.
  2. Seminoles.
  3. Choctaw.
  4. Algonquin.
9. 
Why did John Quincy Adams become President after the election of 1824?
  1. Adams received the majority of electoral votes.
  2. Jackson received fewer popular votes than Adams.
  3. Adams was more popular than Andrew Jackson.
  4. The House of Representatives chose Adams to be President.
10. 
John C. Calhoun
  1. argued on several occasions that states were required to obey all federal laws.
  2. argued that a state had the right to ignore a federal law if the state felt the law was unconstitutional.
  3. never held an elected office on the national level.
  4. was an opponent of the nullification doctrine.
11. 
President Jackson's policy toward Native Americans
  1. exhibited patience, understanding, and respect for their culture and history.
  2. centered around a policy of their removal from their native lands.
  3. did not affect lands that were previously granted to Native Americans by treaties.
  4. none of the above.
12. 
Countries often establish taxes on imports and exports, also known as                .
  1. infrastructure
  2. trade deficit
  3. census
  4. tariff
13. 
Which state threatened to secede from the United States during the nullification crisis?
  1. North Carolina
  2. South Carolina
  3. Texas
  4. Virginia
14. 
What did the caucus and convention systems have in common?
  1. Both systems were supported by federal taxes.
  2. Both systems encouraged widespread suffrage.
  3. Both systems selected candidates to run for office.
  4. Both systems supported the President.
15. 
To set up the Bank of the United States, the government granted it a                     .
16. 
Andrew Jackson favored the National Bank.
  1. True
  2. False
17. 
Why was Simon Bolivar known as "The Liberator"?
  1. He persuaded Spain to free its Latin American colonies peacefully.
  2. He led a revolt that freed Mexico from Spanish rule.
  3. His writing inspired Haitians to seek independence.
  4. He led successful independence movements in South America.
18. 
At the time of the War of 1812, which European country controlled most
of the territory in the Americas?
  1. Spain
  2. Britain
  3. France
  4. Canada
19. 
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 nicely helped the Native Americans move to large, plentiful reservations.
  1. True
  2. False
20. 
A major issue during Andrew Jackson's presidency was
  1. slavery.
  2. states' rights.
  3. the War of 1812.
  4. independence.
21. 
This was the major native american group in Florida
  1. Cherokee
  2. Navajo
  3. Seminole
  4. Caddo
22. 
Which issue was Andrew Jackson referring to when he said, "John Marshall has made
his decision. Now let him enforce it"?
  1. interstate commerce
  2. the dumping of goods by Britain in the United States
  3. a state attempt to apply its laws to Cherokee territory
  4. a case about the importance of private contracts
23. 
Which of the following was the main reason that Spain decided to sell Florida
to the United States?
  1. Spain had discovered that Florida farmlands were unproductive.
  2. Spain feared Cherokee uprisings.
  3. Spain realized it was too weak to defend Florida.
  4. Spain wanted to have free access to American markets.
24. 
Interstate Commerce
  1. Gibbons vs Odgen
  2. Roe vs Wade
  3. McCulloch vs Maryland
  4. Marbury vs Madison
25. 
By putting into effect the Indian Removal Act, President Jackson was supporting
  1. the power of a strong federal government.
  2. the Bank of the United States.
  3. the power of the Supreme Court.
  4. rights of Native Americans.
26. 
Which of the following is one cause of the Panic of 1837?
  1. the trouble banks had collecting on loans
  2. a shortage of paper money printed to meet the public demand
  3. the election of President Martin Van Buren
  4. the Seminole Wars
27. 
Phrase used to describe the years following the War of 1812, when one party, the Jeffersonian Republicans, dominated politics, and a spirit of nationalism characterized public policy.



28. 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who said that the Cherokee could not be forced to leave their land.
  1. James Madison
  2. John Johnson
  3. John Marshall
29. 
Canada faced tensions with the United States in the early 1800s because the United States
  1. was against Canadian independence.
  2. had attempted to invade Canada in the War of 1812.
  3. refused to export goods to Canada.
  4. placed an embargo on Canadian goods.
30. 
This was the name of the system used by Andrew Jackson during his presidency to fill the roles of presidential appointees with Jacksonian Democrats.
  1. The Second American Party System
  2. The Monroe Doctrine
  3. The Spoil System
  4. The Tariff of Abominations
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