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Discrimination and Slavery in the 1800s (Grade 8)

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Discrimination and Slavery in the 1800s

1. 
The slave codes were
  1. rules to protect the general welfare of enslaved people.
  2. ways for enslaved people to secretly communicate with one another other.
  3. laws that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans.
  4. guidelines for freeing a certain number of enslaved people every year.
2. 
Which statement best describes Henry Clay's goal in proposing the Missouri Compromise?
  1. Eventually, slavery as an institution will be overturned and the slaves will all be freed.
  2. Slavery will be allowed in some northern states at the same time it is being phased out of the southern states.
  3. Northern and southern states cannot agree on a system that will satisfy them both.
  4. The balance in the Senate will be maintained by this agreement.
3. 
Just before the passage of the Missouri Compromise, the number of free states and slave states was
  1. 11 free, 11 slave.
  2. 10 free, 12 slave.
  3. 6 free, 16 slave.
  4. 16 free, 6 slave
4. 
Why did people in the North and the South have such different views about slavery?
  1. The South's economy depended on slavery, while the economy of the North did not.
  2. Most people in the South believed slavery was morally wrong.
  3. Northerners thought slavery was destroying the economy.
  4. Southerners believed slavery should be eliminated gradually, while northerners thought it should be abolished all at once.
5. 
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
  1. By 1804, most southern states had pledged never to end slavery.
  2. By 1804, only a few southern states had ended or pledged to end slavery.
  3. By 1804, every northern state had ended or pledged to end slavery.
  4. By 1804, only a few northern states had ended or pledged to end slavery.
6. 
Why was 1808 an important year in the fight against slavery?
  1. The invention of the cotton gin replaced slave labor in many states.
  2. The slave codes were declared illegal in Kentucky.
  3. It became illegal to import enslaved Africans to the United States.
  4. It became illegal to sell a freed African American back into slavery.
7. 
Which of the following statements would John Brown probably agree with most?
  1. The Fugitive Slave Act needed to be resisted.
  2. The Compromise of 1850 was a good way to end slavery.
  3. The Missouri Compromise should have been repealed.
  4. Kansas should have been made a proslavery state.
8. 
Which was the first state to allow African Americans to attend public schools?
  1. New York
  2. Massachusetts
  3. South Carolina
  4. Pennsylvania
9. 
The proposal by Stephen Douglas on the issue of slavery in the Kansas and Nebraska territories was that
  1. the Missouri Compromise should not be changed.
  2. voters in the territories should decide the issue.
  3. the number of slaves in any territory should be limited.
  4. slavery should be abolished in all new territories.
10. 
Which of the following was a slave who learned to read, escaped to freedom in the north, and made public speeches against slavery?
  1. Horace Mann
  2. Frederick Douglass
  3. John Quincy Adams
  4. William Lloyd Garrison
11. 
What earned the territory of Kansas the name "bleeding Kansas"?
  1. Residents of the territory fought over whether or not Kansas should join the Union.
  2. Proslavery and antislavery forces fought violently over whether Kansas would be a free state or a slaveholding state.
  3. The territory lost a large number of soldiers during the Mexican-American War.
  4. Slave owners in the territory had a reputation for badly mistreating their slaves.
12. 
Harriet Tubman is most closely associated with
  1. helping to preserve slavery.
  2. the Underground Railroad.
  3. the slave ship Amistad.
  4. the Second Great Awakening.
13. 
The colonization movement was a(n)
  1. attempt to gradually free slaves and send them to Africa.
  2. effort to help slaves by giving them factory jobs.
  3. plan to spread slavery to northern states.
  4. group of southern planters who agreed to free their slaves.
14. 
Members of a nativist group were nicknamed "Know Nothings" because they
  1. were known to be poorly educated.
  2. campaigned against the building of public schools.
  3. replied "I know nothing" when asked about their group.
  4. did not want to learn about other cultures.
15. 
Irish immigrants generally were met with more hostility than some other immigrants because they
  1. were members of the Protestant Church
  2. were believed to be unwilling to work
  3. were members of the Roman Catholic Church
  4. took most of the high-paying jobs
16. 
The women's rights movement
  1. was a complete failure.
  2. was not necessary because women always had the same rights as men.
  3. brought attention to women's need for education.
  4. quickly succeeded at everything it attempted to do.
17. 
Which of the following was organized to address the issue of equal rights for women?
  1. the Underground Railroad
  2. the Seneca Falls Convention
  3. the temperance movement
  4. the abolitionist movement
18. 
The National Women's Suffrage Association was founded by
  1. Lucretia Mott and Sojourner Truth.
  2. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and John Quincy Adams.
  3. Susan B. Anthony and Harriet Tubman
  4. Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
19. 
Which of the following rights did the women's rights movement NOT achieve for women during the 1800s?
  1. right to vote
  2. right to own property
  3. right of married women to keep their wages
  4. right to pursue higher education
20. 
Delegates at the Seneca Falls Convention compared the women's rights movement to the
  1. American struggle for independence from Britain.
  2. temperance movement.
  3. abolitionist movement.
  4. War of 1812.
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