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Civil Rights Test (Grade 9)

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Civil Rights Test

1. 
                                     was the first African American to play major league baseball.
2. 
College students used                 to protest against segregation in diners and at lunch counters.
  1. freedom rides
  2. death threats
  3. sit-ins
  4. speeches
3. 
                           refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery.
4. 
Separation of white and black people:
  1. racial discrimination
  2. segregation
  3. mass culture
  4. leisure
5. 
What was the Supreme Court's position in Plessy v. Ferguson?
  1. "Separate but equal" was unconstitutional.
  2. Only states that had seceded could require separate facilities.
  3. "Separate but equal" applied only to trains and buses.
  4. A law could require separate facilities, if all facilities were equal.
6. 
Who was the last President to be assassinated, and when?



7. 
Using complete sentences, describe the struggles Jackie Robinson faced as he fought to break the color barrier in major league baseball.





8. 
During the Kennedy Administration up to 1963 all the following were used to end
discrimination against African Americans EXCEPT
  1. sit-ins at public lunch counters
  2. use of federal troops
  3. violence by African Americans
  4. freedom riders on public transportation
9. 
Black Power means that African Americans should unite as a whole and live to their greatness potential.
  1. True
  2. False
10. 
Justice Harlan wrote the dissenting opinion in the Plessy v. Ferguson case. His opinion stated that the constitution is                                   .
  1. color blind
  2. for whites
  3. written wrong
  4. none of the above
11. 
What was the name of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s famous speech that he gave at the March on Washington in 1963?



12. 
                                         was one of the lawyers during the Brown v. Board of Education; became the Justice of the Supreme Court
13. 
In complete sentences, describe the Selma to Montgomery march. Describe what the march was like, the impact it had, the reason for the march, etc.





14. 
The suit was filed on behalf of a third grade student who had to walk a mile to a blacks-only school when a whites-only school was much closer. The case was argued by future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall. The court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and ruled that "separate but equal" facilities were not constitutional.



15. 
What was the significant impact of the Selma to Montgomery march?
  1. the passage of the Civil Rights Act
  2. enacted the "separate but equal" law
  3. the passage of the Voting Rights Act
  4. overturned the "separate but equal" law
16. 
How did people in many cities react after news of MLK's assassination reached them? Why was this reaction ironic?



17. 
                                   is a term used to describe the belief that blacks are superior to whites.
  1. black panther
  2. black power
  3. black supremacy
  4. none of the above
18. 
Jim Crow laws...
  1. protected the rights of African Americans
  2. restricted African American voting rights in the North
  3. enforced the segregation of the races
  4. restored equal rights to African Americans
19. 
What was the purpose of the Voting Rights Act?
  1. to keep voters from registering
  2. to get rid of voting restrictions
  3. to stop women from voting
  4. to stop African Americans from voting
20. 
An economic ploy used to restrict the voting rights of targeted citizens.
  1. poll survey
  2. income tax
  3. suffrage tariff
  4. poll tax
21. 
President                       signed civil rights legislation to end segregation and discrimination in the workplace and all public places.
  1. Lyndon B. Johnson
  2. John F. Kennedy
  3. Harry S. Truman
  4. Franklin D. Roosevelt
22. 
When was the Civil Rights bill enacted?
  1. 1964
  2. 1962
  3. 1968
  4. 1960
23. 
Write two short paragraphs: one describing what society and discrimination laws were like before the civil rights movement, and one describing what they are like after the civil rights movement.



24. 
What are civil rights?
  1. an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason
  2. an area of public land set aside by the government for Native Americans
  3. rights that involve equal status and treatment and the right to participate in gov't
25. 
Which President Began the "War on Poverty" with a program for welfare, medicaid and food stamps for poorer Americans?
  1. Kennedy
  2. Lyndon Johnson
  3. Ronald Reagan
  4. Bill Clinton
26. 
Justice Brown wrote the majority opinion for the Plessy v. Ferguson case. This opinion was based on what constitutional amendment?
  1. 15th
  2. 13th
  3. 12th
  4. 14th
27. 
Which of these groups was formed specifically to protect the rights of African Americans?
  1. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
  2. Anti-Defamation League
  3. Women's Christian Temperance Union
  4. African Methodist Episcopal Church
28. 
                         was a civil rights leader who promoted the use of force to gain rights, rather than using peaceful protest.
29. 
Who was assassinated in 1968 while he was seeking the Democratic presidential nomination?
  1. John F. Kennedy
  2. Martin Luther King
  3. Malcolm X
  4. Robert F. Kennedy
30. 
What is the name of the Alabama Governor who blocked entry to the University of Alabama to black students?
  1. Bull Connor
  2. George Wilburn
  3. George Wallace
  4. Thurgood Marshall
31. 
                       was an important Black Muslim leader of the 1960's.
32. 
Name the gentleman who could not get a job in a high-profile law firm because of his race, so he trained young black lawyers to become experts in Constitutional Law.
  1. Thurgood Marshall
  2. Malcolm X
  3. James Meredith
  4. Charles Houston
33. 
Explain, in complete sentences, why riots are ineffective at achieving one's goals of prosperity.



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