Notes

This printable is aligned with CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.3, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.7, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.3, and CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.7 Lexile - 1070L, 336 words

Print Instructions

NOTE: Only your test content will print.
To preview this test, click on the File menu and select Print Preview.




See our guide on How To Change Browser Print Settings to customize headers and footers before printing.

Science Reading Mitosis - Grade 10 (Grade 10)

Print Test (Only the test content will print)
When cells get too large, they need to divide in order to keep their surface area-to-volume ratios the same. This process, called mitosis, involves the replication of the genetic material found within the cell, and a duplication of all of the organelles (at least in eukaryotic organisms). Mitosis in some cells can take eight hours, while in other types of cells, it can last for days.

Mitosis is consists of a series of events that start with Interphase. Having steps often labeled Growth 1, Synthesis, and Growth 2, the cell spends most of its life in this stage. During the Growth 1 step, the cell in increasing in size. During Synthesis, the genetic material within the nucleus is being copied. This is important because each new cell produced needs to have an identical copy of the DNA. In the Growth 2 stage, the cell is doing a little more growth and preparing to start the nuclear division.

The actual mitotic division is separated into four distinct phases that are outlined in the diagram below. The first, called Prophase, involves the condensing of the DNA into structures called chromosomes. Also, the nuclear membrane dissolves and structures called spindle fibers form, which act as a scaffolding for the chromosomes to attach to.

The next step is called Metaphase. Here, the chromosomes attach to the spindle fibers and slid towards the equator of the cell, where they align.

Metaphase is followed by Anaphase. During this step, the chromosomes separate into chromatids and one half of the pair moves towards opposite poles.

The final step is called Telophase. This is when the spindle fibers disappear, the nuclear membrane reappears, and the chromosomes unwind back into DNA. Telophase is followed by the actual splitting of the cell membrane. This step, called Cytokinesis, involves a pinching off of the cell membrane until two distinct cells are formed. These new daughter cells will then separate and start the process all over again.

This diagram summarizes the movement of the chromosomes during cell division.
Cell Division
1. 
Mitosis
a. Interphase
b. Prophase
c.                
d. Anaphase
e. Telophase


Based on the information in the passage, which choice fits in the blank?
  1. Growth 1
  2. Synthesis
  3. Metaphase
  4. Growth 2
2. 
Based on the information in the passage, which of the following items are associated with Interphase?
  1. Growth 5
  2. Synthesis
  3. Telophase
  4. Cytokinesis
3. 
Based on the information in the passage, which stage of mitosis is NOT correctly matched with its related action?
  1. Prophase - condenses DNA structures into chromosomes
  2. Metaphase - chromosomes attach to spindle fibers
  3. Anaphase - chromosomes separate into chromatids
  4. Telophase - spindle fibers transform into DNA
4. 
The diagram in the passage focuses on:
  1. the creation of DNA
  2. the movement of chromosomes
  3. the creation of daughter cells
  4. the steps of Interphase
5. 
How does the author organize this passage on Mitosis?
  1. cause and effect
  2. compare and contrast
  3. sequential order
  4. chronological order

Become a Help Teaching Pro subscriber to access premium printables

Unlimited premium printables Unlimited online testing Unlimited custom tests

Learn More About Benefits and Options

You need to be a HelpTeaching.com member to access free printables.
Already a member? Log in for access.    |    Go Back To Previous Page