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Tsunamis (Grade 6)

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Tsunamis

1. 
A tsunami is one large wave that washes on shore.
  1. True
  2. False
2. 
Tsunamis can travel up to 500 miles per hour and can reach a height of 100 feet.
  1. True
  2. False
3. 
In the deep sea, a tsunami's height can be only about three feet tall.
  1. True
  2. False
4. 
As a tsunami approaches shore, its wavelength typically increases.
  1. True
  2. False
5. 
A tsunami can be caused by all of the following except:
  1. underwater earthquake
  2. a volcanic eruption
  3. a sub-marine rockslide
  4. asteroid/meteoroid
  5. thunderstorm
6. 
Which best describes tsunami waves in the deep ocean?
  1. long wavelengths and low heights
  2. long wavelengths and high heights
  3. short wavelengths and low heights
  4. short wavelengths and high heights
7. 
Who is in the most danger from a tsunami?
  1. a person flying in an airplane
  2. a person hiking up an inland mountain
  3. a person playing in the sand on a coastal beach
  4. a person on a cruise ship floating in deep ocean water
8. 
Which of the following factors would most influence the shore impact of a tsunami?
  1. tide height
  2. the season
  3. air temperature
  4. water temperature
9. 
The table shows the steps of tsunami formation in the wrong order.
Tsunami Formation
StepDescription
Awaves travel across ocean
Btsunami reaches land
Cocean earthquake
Dwave height increases

Which sequence shows the steps of the tsunami formation in the correct order?
  1. B, A, D, C
  2. B, D, A, C
  3. C, A, D, B
  4. C, D, A, B
10. 
Detection buoys help monitor the oceans for potential tsunamis. Which best describes what the buoys monitor?
  1. changes in sea level
  2. changes in water chemistry
  3. changes in animal migration
  4. changes in weather patterns
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