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This printable supports Next Generation Science Standards Disciplinary Core Idea ESS2C and NGSS 5-ESS2-2.

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Earth's Water (Grade 5)

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Earth's Water

1. 
The two types of water are fresh water and salt water.
  1. True
  2. False
2. 
An ocean is a fresh body of water.
  1. True
  2. False
3. 
Approximately what percentage of Earth's water is fresh water?
  1. 97%
  2. 71%
  3. 30%
  4. 3%
4. 
Mia creates a bar graph to compare the amounts of the Earth's fresh water and salt water. Which statement best describes Mia's bar graph?
  1. the bars for fresh water and salt water should be about the same length
  2. the bar for fresh water should be a little longer than the bar for salt water
  3. the bar for fresh water should be much longer than the bar for salt water
  4. the bar for salt water should be a little longer than the bar for fresh water
  5. the bar for salt water should be much longer than the bar for fresh water
5. 
The table shows approximate volumes of ocean water by percentage.
Ocean Water Volume
OceanPercentage
Arctic1.5%
Atlantic23.5%
Indian20%
Pacific49.5%
Southern5.5%

Which statement is a conclusion that can be drawn from the data?
  1. The Atlantic Ocean is the saltiest of the five oceans.
  2. The Pacific Ocean holds the largest volume of water.
  3. The volume of water stored in each ocean will change depending on the season.
  4. The volume of water stored in each ocean has changed because of continental drift.
6. 
Where is most of Earth's water located?
  1. in glaciers
  2. in the oceans
  3. in streams and rivers
  4. in the atmosphere
7. 
Which of the following is a source of fresh, liquid water?
  1. rivers
  2. oceans
  3. glaciers
  4. permafrost
8. 
The table shows estimates of where fresh water is stored by percentages.
Earth's Fresh Water
SourcePercentage
Lakes0.25%
Glaciers & Ice69%
Rivers0.006%
Groundwater30%
Other<1%

Which statement is a conclusion that can be drawn from the data?
  1. more fresh water is stored in rivers than in lakes
  2. more fresh water is stored in lakes than as glaciers and ice
  3. more fresh water is stored as groundwater than as glaciers and ice
  4. more fresh water is stored as groundwater than in rivers and lakes combined
9. 
Which of the following would most likely be the best source of drinking water?
  1. Atlantic Ocean
  2. Great Salt Lake
  3. Ogallala Aquifer
  4. Lambert Glacier
10. 
Lake Baikal in Russia is considered the largest fresh water lake in the world by volume. It holds about one-fifth of the Earth's liquid, fresh surface water. America's Lake Superior holds the largest volume of fresh surface water in North America.

Which is a correct conclusion that can be drawn from the passage?
  1. Lake Baikal holds one-fifth of the world's water.
  2. Lake Baikal covers more area than any other lake.
  3. Lake Baikal is the world's largest source of drinking water.
  4. Lake Baikal holds a larger volume of fresh water than Lake Superior.

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