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Earth Science Vocabulary Review (Grade 7)

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Earth Science Vocabulary Review

1. 
Which best describes the relationship between the earth's four spheres?
  1. system
  2. isolated
  3. separate
  4. unchanging
 
2. 
Which of earth's spheres is most closely associated with the terms: soil, rocks, and minerals?
  1. biosphere
  2. geosphere
  3. atmosphere
  4. hydrosphere
3. 
The way a mineral breaks apart in an irregular way
  1. Mineral
  2. Cleavage
  3. Crystal
  4. Fracture
 
4. 
Molten rock that flows from a volcano onto earth's surface is
  1. lava
  2. magma
  3. sediment
  4. sand
5. 
A series of processes in which rocks are continuously changed from one type to another is called
  1. geology
  2. melting
  3. the rock cycle
  4. a volcanic eruption
 
6. 
Rocks formed from hot, molten rock material that cooled and hardened are
  1. igneous
  2. sedimentary
  3. metamorphic
  4. mineral
7. 
What is the resistance of a mineral to scratching?
  1. Cleavage
  2. Fracture
  3. Hardness
  4. Structure
 
8. 
A classification of metamorphic rocks would include whether they are                        .
  1. chemical or organic
  2. intrusive or extrusive
  3. foliated or nonfoliated
  4. basaltic or granitic
9. 
Earth's thin outer layer, the                , is made almost entirely of light elements.
  1. core
  2. crust
  3. mantle
  4. surface
 
10. 
The                 contains both the crust and the upper mantle.
  1. asthenosphere
  2. lithosphere
  3. atmosphere
  4. mesosphere
11. 
The movement of weathered materials from one location to another is called                    .
  1. chemical weathering
  2. erosion
  3. exfoliation
  4. physical weathering
 
12. 
Breaking down of rock and other substances on the Earth's surface
  1. weathering
  2. erosion
  3. deposition
  4. precipitation
13. 
Stratovolcano is another term for which type of volcano?
  1. lava dome
  2. cinder cone
  3. shield volcano
  4. composite volcano
 
14. 
A large mass of ice that flows slowly over land.
  1. iceberg
  2. permafrost
  3. tundra
  4. glacier
15. 
                is the process that lays down (drops) sediment in a new location.
  1. Erosion
  2. Deposition
  3. Weathering
  4. Meandering
 
16. 
                is the counting of the amount of radioactive carbon left so it's possible to date when the specimen formed.
  1. Superposition
  2. Absolute dating
  3. Geologic dating
  4. Relative dating
17. 
What is the best definition of a fossil?
  1. any trace of an ancient plant
  2. any trace of an ancient animal
  3. any trace of an ancient human
  4. any trace of an ancient organism
 
18. 
Which of the following come from types of organisms that lived during only a relatively short period of time and are used to determine the relative age of rocks?
  1. imprints
  2. index fossils
  3. trace fossils
  4. extrusions
19. 
What is the longest subdivision in geological time?
  1. eon
  2. period
  3. epoch
  4. century
 
20. 
Which area of Earth Science is the study of ancient organisms?
  1. astronomy
  2. meteorology
  3. paleontology
  4. oceanography
21. 
What are large and smaller slabs of rock in the lithosphere called?
  1. fossils
  2. asthenosphere
  3. tectonic plates
  4. ocean ridge
 
22. 
Places where tectonic plates move apart are called
  1. convergent boundaries
  2. transform boundaries
  3. subduction zones
  4. divergent boundaries
23. 
The process in which an oceanic plate slides beneath a continental plate or another oceanic plate is known as
  1. subduction
  2. exfoliation
  3. tectonism
  4. degradation
 
24. 
What is the point below Earth's surface where an earthquake begins?
  1. epicenter
  2. focus
  3. fault
  4. core
25. 
What type of seismic wave causes rock particles to move in the same direction as the wave movement (like vibrations)?
  1. P-waves
  2. S-waves
  3. surface waves
  4. shear waves
 
26. 
The                 is a mixture of gases that surround Earth.
  1. atmosphere
  2. biosphere
  3. hydrosphere
  4. cryosphere
27. 
What is the term used for the amount of water vapor in the air?
  1. Precipitation
  2. Condensation
  3. Humidity
  4. Evaporation
 
28. 
A _________________ measures air pressure.
  1. thermometer
  2. barometer
  3. psychrometer
  4. rain gauge
29. 
Meteorology is the study of
  1. the oceans
  2. the earth's surface
  3. the atmosphere
  4. minerals
 
30. 
Where two air masses meet is called a                
  1. line
  2. front
  3. border
  4. wave
31. 
Which of the following clouds are white, high and thin?
  1. cirrus
  2. cumulus
  3. nimbus
  4. stratus
 
32. 
Violent, whirling wind that moves in a narrow path over land, forming a highly destructive funnel is called a:
  1. hurricane
  2. earthquake
  3. thunderstorm
  4. tornado
33. 
The state of the earth's atmosphere at a certain time and place is called
  1. precipitation.
  2. meteorology.
  3. climate.
  4. weather.
 
34. 
The                 is the layer of the atmosphere closest to the earth.
  1. ozone layer
  2. stratosphere
  3. troposphere
  4. thermosphere
35. 
An unwanted substance added to water, air or soil is called a                
  1. pollutant
  2. fossil fuel
  3. geothermal
  4. biomass
 
36. 
Another name for smog is                       .
  1. global warming
  2. chlorofluorocarbon
  3. ground-level ozone
  4. high atmospheric ozone
37. 
                energy is made from burning recently living organisms.
  1. Geothermal
  2. Biomass
  3. Pollutant
  4. Renewable
 
38. 
Energy produced by falling water.
  1. biomass
  2. nuclear
  3. solar
  4. hydroelectric
39. 
Wind, solar and water are examples of                 resources.
  1. nonrenewable
  2. fossil fuels
  3. budding
  4. renewable
 
40. 
                pollution comes from one specific site, for example, a major chemical spill.
  1. Water
  2. Point-source
  3. Nonpoint-source
  4. Nuclear
41. 
Resources that can be replaced such as trees, plants, and biomass.
  1. renewable
  2. nonrenewable
  3. geothermal
 
42. 
What is the part of the Earth system that contains all of Earth’s water called?
  1. Atmosphere
  2. Geosphere
  3. Hydrosphere
  4. Biosphere
43. 
The Mississippi River and the Missouri River join together near St. Louis, Missouri. The place where these two rivers join is called a                .
  1. divide
  2. tributary
  3. watershed
  4. confluence
 
44. 
What is defined as a natural flow of groundwater to Earth's surface?
  1. Spring
  2. Well
  3. Aquifer
  4. Water table
45. 
A                 is the area of land that is drained by a river system, stream, river or floodplain.
  1. tributary
  2. water drain
  3. divide
  4. watershed
 
46. 
Water from precipitation that does not enter the ground, but drains to surface water bodies
  1. runoff
  2. watershed
  3. groundwater
  4. floodplain
47. 
The sun's energy changes lake water into a gas. What step in the water cycle is this?
  1. condensation
  2. precipitation
  3. evaporation
  4. runoff
 
48. 
The regular rising and falling of sea level due mainly to the pull of the moon is called
  1. waves
  2. tides
  3. surf
  4. crest
49. 
                 are the horizontal movement of water at or near the ocean’s surface.
  1. Deep Currents
  2. Global Winds
  3. Surface Currents
  4. Upwelling
 
50. 
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle
  1. deep-ocean trench
  2. rift valley
  3. subduction zone
  4. sea-floor spreading

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