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People of Peace

People of Peace

This lesson will introduce you to six People of Peace -- five Nobel Peace Prize winners and one who should have won the prize.

The Nobel Peace Prize is one of five annual prizes established to honor achievements in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and medicine. In his will, the Swedish inventor and entrepreneur Alfred Nobel left a large sum of money to create the prize.

The first peace prize was awarded in 1901, and recipients have included U.S. presidents Barack Obama, Teddy Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson, plus other world leaders such as Anwar Sadat, Menachem Begin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, and Willy Brandt.

Of the six People of Peace featured in this lesson, three are women -- Mother Teresa, Jane Addams, and Aung San Suu Kyi. The other two male recipients in this lesson -- Jimmy Carter and the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -- are both native sons of the state of Georgia. Finally, one other person of peace in this lesson, Gandhi, never received the award despite being nominated five times. We will try to understand why this is the case.

After watching the introductory video, click on the worksheets below for questions about the lives of these people of peace.