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Anatomical Direction and Body Planes (Grades 11-12)

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Anatomical Direction and Body Planes

All descriptions of the body start with the assumption that the body is in the                 position.
  1. physiological
  2. anatomical
  3. directional
  4. supine
Which orientation terms have opposite meanings?
  1. superficial and proximal
  2. distal and proximal
  3. medial and distal
  4. medial and anterior
  5. posterior and intermediate
The                 plane divides the body into right and left.
  1. sagittal
  2. coronal
  3. transverse
Which term refers to structures that are found on the same side of the body?
  1. bilateral
  2. contralateral
  3. horizontal
  4. ipsilateral
The transverse plane divides the body
  1. diagonally.
  2. horizontally.
  3. vertically, into front and back portions.
  4. vertically, into left and right portions.
Proximal is defined as
  1. away from the middle.
  2. closest to the middle.
  3. farthest from the center.
  4. nearest to the point of attachment.
                   is the anterior side, whereas                    is the posterior side.
  1. Ventral; posterior
  2. Dorsal; ventral
  3. Ventral; dorsal
  4. Anterior; dorsal
When the body is divided into front and back halves, the front half of the body is the
  1. anterior.
  2. inferior.
  3. posterior.
  4. superior.
The term "medial" refers to a position on the body that is
  1. closer to the midline.
  2. closer to the midaxillary line.
  3. farther away from the midaxillary line.
  4. farther away from the midline.
The knees are                 to the head.
  1. posterior
  2. anterior
  3. superior
  4. inferior
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