This printable supports Common Core ELA Standards ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2, ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.3, ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4, ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6 and ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.9

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Analyzing Speeches (Grade 9)

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Analyzing Speeches

An excerpt from Washington's Farewell Address, 1796

The unity of government which constitutes you one people is also now dear to you. It is justly so, for it is a main pillar in the edifice of your real independence, the support of your tranquility at home, your peace abroad; of your safety; of your prosperity; of that very liberty which you so highly prize. But as it is easy to foresee that, from different causes and from different quarters, much pains will be taken, many artifices employed to weaken in your minds the conviction of this truth; as this is the point in your political fortress against which the batteries of internal and external enemies will be most constantly and actively (though often covertly and insidiously) directed, it is of infinite moment that you should properly estimate the immense value of your national union to your collective and individual happiness; that you should cherish a cordial, habitual, and immovable attachment to it; accustoming yourselves to think and speak of it as of the palladium of your political safety and prosperity; watching for its preservation with jealous anxiety; discountenancing whatever may suggest even a suspicion that it can in any event be abandoned; and indignantly frowning upon the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest, or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together the various parts.

For this you have every inducement of sympathy and interest. Citizens, by birth or choice, of a common country, that country has a right to concentrate your affections. The name of American, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of patriotism more than any appellation derived from local discriminations. With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and political principles. You have in a common cause fought and triumphed together; the independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint counsels, and joint efforts of common dangers, sufferings, and successes.
What is Washington's main message in this excerpt?
  1. Don't forget your common goals.
  2. Your differences will divide you.
  3. Stand up for justice.
  4. Watch out for outside influences.
In the first paragraph, Washington uses the word edifice. The word edifice most likely means...
  1. a building
  2. an addition
  3. a system of beliefs
  4. a dwelling
Washington's discussion of focusing on national unity anticipates which future event in U.S. History?
  1. The Revolutionary War
  2. The Declaration of Independence
  3. The Emancipation Proclamation
  4. The Civil War
Washington's speech encourages Americans to remember what they have in common. Why was this important during this time period?

During this time, America was full of individuals who did not share a lot of the same religious, political, and social views.
  1. True
  2. False
An excerpt from British Prime Minister Tony Blair's Address to the Irish Parliament, 1998

Members of the Dail and Seanad, after all the long and torn history of our two peoples, standing here as the first British prime minister ever to address the joint Houses of the Oireachtas, I feel profoundly both the history in this event, and I feel profoundly the enormity of the honour that you are bestowing upon me. From the bottom of my heart, go raibh mile maith agaibh.

Ireland, as you may know, is in my blood. My mother was born in the flat above her grandmother's hardware shop on the main street of Ballyshannon in Donegal. She lived there as a child, started school there and only moved when her father died; her mother remarried and they crossed the water to Glasgow.

We spent virtually every childhood summer holiday up to when the troubles really took hold in Ireland, usually at Rossnowlagh, the Sands House Hotel, I think it was. And we would travel in the beautiful countryside of Donegal. It was there in the seas off the Irish coast that I learned to swim, there that my father took me to my first pub, a remote little house in the country, for a Guinness, a taste I've never forgotten and which it is always a pleasure to repeat.

Even now, in my constituency of Sedgefield, which at one time had 30 pits or more, all now gone, virtually every community remembers that its roots lie in Irish migration to the mines of Britain.

So like it or not, we, the British and the Irish, are irredeemably linked.

We experienced and absorbed the same waves of invasions: Celts, Vikings, Normans -- all left their distinctive mark on our countries. Over a thousand years ago, the monastic traditions formed the basis for both our cultures. Sadly, the power games of medieval monarchs and feudal chiefs sowed the seeds of later trouble.

Yet it has always been simplistic to portray our differences as simply Irish versus English -- or British. There were, after all, many in Britain too who suffered greatly at the hands of powerful absentee landlords, who were persecuted for their religion, or who were for centuries disenfranchised. And each generation in Britain has benefited, as ours does, from the contribution of Irishmen and women.

Today the links between our parliaments are continued by the British-Irish Parliamentary Body, and last month 60 of our MPs set up a new all-party "Irish in Britain Parliamentary Group."

Irish parliamentarians have made a major contribution to our shared parliamentary history. Let me single out just two:

Daniel O'Connell, who fought against injustice to extend a franchise restricted by religious prejudice;
Charles Stewart Parnell, whose statue stands today in the House of Commons and whose political skills and commitment to social justice made such an impact in that House.

So much shared history, so much shared pain.

And now the shared hope of a new beginning.
How does Tony Blair work to immediately connect with the Irish people?
  1. He references his own Irish heritage.
  2. He uses an Irish expression.
  3. He recognizes honor in the opportunity to speak.
  4. All of the above
How does referencing his own Irish roots play a role in Tony Blair's speech?

After sharing his own link to Irish history, how does Tony Blair continue the speech?
  1. By connecting the countries' shared military history
  2. By showing how the British have helped the Irish
  3. By showing how the Irish have helped the British
  4. By bringing up current problems between the two countries
What particular word does Tony Blair focus on to help make his point?
  1. Conflict
  2. Shared
  3. History
  4. Family
"Yet it has always been simplistic to portray our differences as simply Irish versus English -- or British. There were, after all, many in Britain too who suffered greatly at the hands of powerful absentee landlords, who were persecuted for their religion, or who were for centuries disenfranchised. And each generation in Britain has benefited, as ours does, from the contribution of Irishmen and women."

Why does Tony Blair include the paragraph above?
  1. To show how different the two groups are
  2. To show connections between the two groups
  3. To encourage the two groups to help each other out
  4. To reiterate the history dividing the two groups

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