The Bill of Rights Vocabulary (Grades 11-12)

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The Bill of Rights Vocabulary

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

Amendment II

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

Amendment III

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Amendment V

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Amendment VI

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

Amendment VII

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Amendment IX

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Amendment X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
In Amendment I, the word ABRIDGING most likely means
  1. shortening.
  2. curtailing.
  3. lengthening.
  4. allowing.
In Amendment II what is a MILITIA?
  1. A non-professional army or other fighting force
  2. A peaceful assembly
  3. A nonviolent group of individuals
  4. A professional military group
Which scenario best represents the meaning of the word QUARTERED as used in Amendment III?
  1. Cutting a pie into four pieces
  2. Keeping a horse in a stable
  3. Putting a stranger up in your home
  4. Looking over a river to find fish
Amendment IV discusses searches and seizures. What does it mean to seize something?

While the prefix in typically means "not", the word infamous does not mean "not famous." Instead, in the context of Amendment V, it most likely means
  1. wicked.
  2. disreputable.
  3. known for being very famous.
  4. deprived of rights due to a serious crime.
Amendment VI discusses the use of an impartial jury. In the word IMPARTIAL, the prefix im- most likely means
  1. full of.
  2. very.
  3. not.
  4. against.
In Amendment VII, the meaning of preserved used is the same as someone preserving a historical home to keep all of its historical features the way they were when it was first built.
  1. True
  2. False
Amendment VIII discusses the use of excessive bail.
Define the word excessive and give an example.

In Amendment IX, the word DISPARAGE most likely means
  1. praise.
  2. belittle.
  3. overrate.
  4. ignore.
Amendment X discusses powers not delegated to the states. In the amendment, DELEGATE means
  1. a person sent to represent others.
  2. a member of the United Nations.
  3. to send on a mission.
  4. entrusting someone with a responsibility.

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