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Ancient Rome (Grade 6)

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Ancient Rome

The Romans used                        to make buildings.
When a Roman consul would veto a matter in the senate it would be
  1. dropped.
  2. debated.
  3. passed.
  4. amended.
Zeus, the god of sky and weather, was the most important Roman god.
  1. True
  2. False
The first settlers in Rome chose the site because
  1. the valley surrounded by steep mountains provided protection from invaders.
  2. settlers could see invaders from the site on the open plains.
  3. the soil was fertile.
  4. it was located on an island.
In which of the following ways did the Greeks NOT influence the Romans?
  1. architecture and engineering
  2. philosophy and religion
  3. the use of concrete in building
  4. ideas about government
Which of the following is an aspect of Roman laws that is reflected in our own laws today?
  1. People accused of a crime have a right to face their accusers.
  2. People are guilty until proven innocent.
  3. People are not allowed to be tried by a jury of their peers.
  4. Dictators are necessary in times of national emergency.
Which of the following is a key feature of a republican government?
  1. rule by a king
  2. dictatorship
  3. polytheism
  4. elected officials
What sea did the Romans use for trading?
  1. Red Sea
  2. Mediterranean
  3. Atlantic
  4. Aegean
                were important officials who acted as judges.
  1. Plebeians
  2. Praetors
  3. Patricians
  4. Patriots
Who was the first Roman emperor?
  1. Julius Caesar
  2. Marcus Aurelius
  3. Augustus
  4. Hadrian
A unit of an empire
  1. emperor
  2. province
  3. plebeian
  4. citizen
The wealthy Roman class of of landowners were known as                .
  1. Plebeians
  2. Patriots
  3. Praetors
  4. Patricians
What is one reason Hadrian is often considered the greatest of the five "good" emperors?
  1. He freed the slaves.
  2. He started the circuses.
  3. His laws protected women, children, and slaves.
  4. He conquered more lands than any other.
Hammurabi's code, the Twelve Tables, and the Justinian Code are examples for early developments in the area of
  1. literature.
  2. law.
  3. engineering.
  4. medicine.
The decline of the Roman Empire began under
  1. Constantine.
  2. Nero.
  3. Marcus Aurelius.
  4. Commodus.
Why was Augustus given as much power as he wanted?
  1. Augustus treated patricians poorly.
  2. The Roman army was very disloyal to him.
  3. People from conquered provinces voted to give Augustus unlimited power.
  4. Romans were grateful for the peace and prosperity during his reign.
What was the language of ancient Rome?
  1. Macedonian
  2. Roman
  3. Latin
  4. Finnish
An ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman Republic
  1. patrician
  2. dictator
  3. plebeian
  4. consul
Romulus and Remus were
  1. Roman emperors.
  2. Roman generals.
  3. the main characters in the story about the beginnings of Rome.
  4. the main gods worshiped by the Romans.
A structure that carries water over a long distance
  1. arch
  2. dictator
  3. patrician
  4. aqueduct
An elected official who led the ancient Roman Republic
  1. consul
  2. dictator
  3. plebeian
  4. patrician
One of the Julius Caesar's actions that caused many Romans to feel that he had seized too much power was
  1. returning many powers of government to the Roman senate.
  2. declaring himself dictator for life in 44 B.C.
  3. establishing the Laws of the Twelve Tables.
  4. conquering Gaul.
The Romans were able to build larger buildings than the Greeks by using
  1. a better grade of granite.
  2. arches.
  3. scaffolding.
  4. stairways and ramps.
In the Roman Republic, what happened if the republic faced an emergency?
  1. A dictator was appointed.
  2. A third consul was appointed.
  3. The senate made the final decision.
  4. All citizens voted.
When Rome added a province to its empire, the conquered people were
  1. forced to change their religion.
  2. allowed to run their own daily affairs.
  3. forced to flee their land.
  4. allowed to pay no taxes.
Who were the mysterious people who ruled Rome from about 600 B.C. to about 500 B.C.?
  1. Plebeians
  2. Etruscans
  3. Patricians
  4. Barbarians
Astronomy is the study of:
  1. trucks and cars
  2. muscles and bones
  3. mountains and valleys
  4. the stars and planets
Two of the worst emperors in Rome's history were
  1. Julius Caesar and Octavian.
  2. Marc Antony and Caligula.
  3. Nero and Caligula.
  4. Marcus Aurelius and Commodus.
Which of the following was the most powerful part of government during the Roman Republic?
  1. senate
  2. plebeians
  3. consuls
  4. praetors
Romans created a new form of government called a(n)
  1. republic.
  2. monarchy.
  3. oligarchy.
  4. regime.
The Romans were heavily influenced by the Greeks.
  1. True
  2. False
The Colosseum in Rome was a(n)
  1. aqueduct.
  2. large temple.
  3. wall built around the city.
  4. giant arena that held 50,000 spectators.
The                  River flowed through Rome before emptying into the Tyrrhenian Sea.
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