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Graduate Neuroscience Questions

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Graduate Neuroscience
What does cerebral palsy affect?
  1. movement and communication
  2. articulation
  3. development
  4. learning, and sensation.
  5. all of the above
Graduate Neuroscience
Which of the following are the main indicating characteristics of autism under DSM V?
  1. Deficits in social communication and sensory processing disorders
  2. Deficits in social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities.
  3. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities and intellectual disability.
  4. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior and food sensitivity
Graduate Neuroscience
A subtype of diskinetic Cerebral palsy characterized by rigid posturing of the neck and trunk
  1. Spastic Cerebral palsy
  2. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
  3. dystonic Cerebral palsy
  4. Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Graduate Neuroscience
In studies that showed a relationship between ASD and vaccinations, researchers
  1. advocated that parents stop vaccinating their children.
  2. advocated that thimerosal free vaccines be made available.
  3. were of the opinion that the risk of disease was more of a concern than a possible increase in cases of ASD.
  4. b. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
What is a condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
  1. Ataxic cerebral palsy
  2. Dyskentic Cerebral palsy
  3. Spastic Cerebral palsy
  4. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
Graduate Neuroscience
The first meta-analysis of all published research on autism and gastrointestinal symptoms shows that
  1. There is no coorelation between autism spectrum disorders and gastrointestinal disorders.
  2. GI disorders are four times more common among children with autism than among other children
  3. Children with autism don't indicate that they have abdominal pain.
  4. There is a greater incidence of abdominal pain in children with ASD, but it is not related to behavioral issues.
Graduate Neuroscience
When diagnosing a possible case of autism, it is important to look for
  1. physical and behavioral characteristics which might indicate another diagnosis
  2. a medical history of diseases that might cause autism.
  3. birth order.
  4. all of the above.
Graduate Neuroscience
Linguistic features of language that should be addressed in assessment of ASD include:
  1. Ability to attend to a communicative partner.
  2. ability to understand figurative language.
  3. Engagement and disengagement.
  4. a. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
Under DSM IV criteria for language disorders, which of the following were listed separately as possible characteristics of autism?
  1. qualitative impairment in social interaction, and qualitative impairments in communication.
  2. hand flapping and widely set eyes.
  3. digestive problems and large head circumference.
  4. Rhett syndrome.
Graduate Neuroscience
Under DSM IV criteria for autism spectrum disorders, which of the following were listed separately as possible characteristics of ASD?
  1. qualitative impairment in social interaction, and qualitative impairments in communication.
  2. hand flapping and widely set eyes.
  3. digestive problems and large head circumference.
  4. Rhett syndrome.
Graduate Neuroscience
Caution should be taken in differential diagnosis of ASD, because these characteristics which are often found in children with autism can also be found in many other disorders:
  1. behavior difficulties, language deficits, social weaknesses, impulsivity, learning deficits and unusual motor behavior.
  2. a history of chronic diseases.
  3. hearing impairment, extremely high intelligence, and schizophrenia.
  4. difficulty separating from parent, overly social behavior, eating disorders.
Graduate Neuroscience
An SLP might refer a person with ASD to a psychologist for:
  1. cognitive testing
  2. a medical evaluation
  3. perscription of medication
  4. a. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
According to the DSM V, characteristics of Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder do not include:
  1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity.
  2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction.
  3. Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships.
  4. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities .
Graduate Neuroscience
Differences in the cerebellum of persons with ASD may be related to difficulty in
  1. balance and posture.
  2. some cognitive functions of language.
  3. coordination of voluntary motor movements.
  4. all of the above.
Graduate Neuroscience
Researchers say that gut bacteria are more abundant in some individuals with autism, which may
  1. increase intestinal health.
  2. cause nausea.
  3. lead to increased intelligence.
  4. produce waste products that may affect brain activity.
Graduate Neuroscience
At present, one gene, CDH 8 has been discovered to relate directly to autism. The characteristics of autism that persons with mutated CDH 8 had in common were:
  1. socal communication disorders and onset early in development.
  2. Stereotypical, repetitive behaviors, and difficulty with transitions.
  3. intellectual disability.
  4. large head, widely spaced eyes and gastrointestinal disorders.
Graduate Neuroscience
In Arkansas, the incidence of ASD is
  1. 1 in 1000 children.
  2. 1 in 55 children.
  3. 1 in 65 children.
  4. 1 in 55 boys.
Graduate Neuroscience
The pervasiveness and variability of differences in the brains of people diagnosed with autism is important to us as speech-language pathologists because
  1. We can pin-point exactly where the neural anomalies occur in the brain and design our therapy to remediate deficits in this area.
  2. we must look for many behaviors and characteristics as we plan remediation.
  3. Complicated causes mean that medical intervention for ASD may be a long time in coming, therefore effective therapeutic intervention is even more important at this time.
  4. b. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
Current brain studies show that one overiding characteristic in the brains of people with autism is
  1. altered brain color.
  2. an abnormally low amount of white matter and gray matter.
  3. an abnormally high amount of gray matter and white matter.
  4. an absence of neural synapses.
Graduate Neuroscience
Which of the changes listed below apply to the DSM V diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder?
  1. Organization of characteristics into three different levels of severity.
  2. Division into ASD, childhood disintegrative disorder and Rhett's disorder.
  3. The removal of the formal diagnosis of Asperger's disorder and PDD-NOS.
  4. a. and c.
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