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Graduate Neuroscience Questions

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Graduate Neuroscience
What does cerebral palsy affect?
  1. movement and communication
  2. articulation
  3. development
  4. learning, and sensation.
  5. all of the above
Graduate Neuroscience
Which of the following are the main indicating characteristics of autism under DSM V?
  1. Deficits in social communication and sensory processing disorders
  2. Deficits in social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities.
  3. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities and intellectual disability.
  4. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior and food sensitivity
Graduate Neuroscience
What is a condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
  1. Ataxic cerebral palsy
  2. Dyskentic Cerebral palsy
  3. Spastic Cerebral palsy
  4. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
Graduate Neuroscience
A subtype of diskinetic Cerebral palsy characterized by rigid posturing of the neck and trunk
  1. Spastic Cerebral palsy
  2. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
  3. dystonic Cerebral palsy
  4. Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Graduate Neuroscience
Under DSM IV criteria for language disorders, which of the following were listed separately as possible characteristics of autism?
  1. qualitative impairment in social interaction, and qualitative impairments in communication.
  2. hand flapping and widely set eyes.
  3. digestive problems and large head circumference.
  4. Rhett syndrome.
Graduate Neuroscience
Linguistic features of language that should be addressed in assessment of ASD include:
  1. Ability to attend to a communicative partner.
  2. ability to understand figurative language.
  3. Engagement and disengagement.
  4. a. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
The first meta-analysis of all published research on autism and gastrointestinal symptoms shows that
  1. There is no coorelation between autism spectrum disorders and gastrointestinal disorders.
  2. GI disorders are four times more common among children with autism than among other children
  3. Children with autism don't indicate that they have abdominal pain.
  4. There is a greater incidence of abdominal pain in children with ASD, but it is not related to behavioral issues.
Graduate Neuroscience
When diagnosing a possible case of autism, it is important to look for
  1. physical and behavioral characteristics which might indicate another diagnosis
  2. a medical history of diseases that might cause autism.
  3. birth order.
  4. all of the above.
Graduate Neuroscience
Under DSM IV criteria for autism spectrum disorders, which of the following were listed separately as possible characteristics of ASD?
  1. qualitative impairment in social interaction, and qualitative impairments in communication.
  2. hand flapping and widely set eyes.
  3. digestive problems and large head circumference.
  4. Rhett syndrome.
Graduate Neuroscience
In studies that showed a relationship between ASD and vaccinations, researchers
  1. advocated that parents stop vaccinating their children.
  2. advocated that thimerosal free vaccines be made available.
  3. were of the opinion that the risk of disease was more of a concern than a possible increase in cases of ASD.
  4. b. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
Caution should be taken in differential diagnosis of ASD, because these characteristics which are often found in children with autism can also be found in many other disorders:
  1. behavior difficulties, language deficits, social weaknesses, impulsivity, learning deficits and unusual motor behavior.
  2. a history of chronic diseases.
  3. hearing impairment, extremely high intelligence, and schizophrenia.
  4. difficulty separating from parent, overly social behavior, eating disorders.
Graduate Neuroscience
According to the DSM V, characteristics of Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder do not include:
  1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity.
  2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction.
  3. Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships.
  4. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities .
Graduate Neuroscience
Differences in the cerebellum of persons with ASD may be related to difficulty in
  1. balance and posture.
  2. some cognitive functions of language.
  3. coordination of voluntary motor movements.
  4. all of the above.
Graduate Neuroscience
The pervasiveness and variability of differences in the brains of people diagnosed with autism is important to us as speech-language pathologists because
  1. We can pin-point exactly where the neural anomalies occur in the brain and design our therapy to remediate deficits in this area.
  2. we must look for many behaviors and characteristics as we plan remediation.
  3. Complicated causes mean that medical intervention for ASD may be a long time in coming, therefore effective therapeutic intervention is even more important at this time.
  4. b. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
Early diagnosis of autism is important because
  1. early intervention has been research proven to improve outcomes for children with ASD.
  2. children who do not receive early diagnosis are unlikely to be diagnosed later in life.
  3. early diagnosis correlates with more severe autism later in life.
  4. early diagnosis will prevent gastrointestinal symptoms.
Graduate Neuroscience
In a review of data from VAERS, it was observed that there was a significantly increased risk ratio for the incidence of ASD reported following:
  1. the Thimerosal-containing DTaP vaccine.
  2. the MMR vaccine.
  3. flu vaccines.
  4. the Thimerosal-free DTaP vaccine.
Graduate Neuroscience
Children with Down syndrome share some diagnostic characteristics with those diagnosed with ASD, including:
  1. telegraphic speech.
  2. increased brain size and excess gray matter.
  3. gastrointestinal disorders and heart malformation.
  4. wandering/running off, oppositional behavior, attention problems, obsessive behavior.
Graduate Neuroscience
Children with ASD carry some of the same symptomological characteristics as those with
  1. Williams syndrome.
  2. Landau Kleffner syndrome.
  3. Rett syndrome.
  4. all of the above.
Graduate Neuroscience
Researchers say that gut bacteria are more abundant in some individuals with autism, which may
  1. increase intestinal health.
  2. cause nausea.
  3. lead to increased intelligence.
  4. produce waste products that may affect brain activity.
Graduate Neuroscience
In Arkansas, the incidence of ASD is
  1. 1 in 1000 children.
  2. 1 in 55 children.
  3. 1 in 65 children.
  4. 1 in 55 boys.
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