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Graduate Neuroscience Questions

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Graduate Neuroscience
What does cerebral palsy affect?
  1. movement and communication
  2. articulation
  3. development
  4. learning, and sensation.
  5. all of the above
Graduate Neuroscience
Which of the following are the main indicating characteristics of autism under DSM V?
  1. Deficits in social communication and sensory processing disorders
  2. Deficits in social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities.
  3. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities and intellectual disability.
  4. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior and food sensitivity
Graduate Neuroscience
A subtype of diskinetic Cerebral palsy characterized by rigid posturing of the neck and trunk
  1. Spastic Cerebral palsy
  2. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
  3. dystonic Cerebral palsy
  4. Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Graduate Neuroscience
In studies that showed a relationship between ASD and vaccinations, researchers
  1. advocated that parents stop vaccinating their children.
  2. advocated that thimerosal free vaccines be made available.
  3. were of the opinion that the risk of disease was more of a concern than a possible increase in cases of ASD.
  4. b. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
What is a condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
  1. Ataxic cerebral palsy
  2. Dyskentic Cerebral palsy
  3. Spastic Cerebral palsy
  4. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
Graduate Neuroscience
Under DSM IV criteria for language disorders, which of the following were listed separately as possible characteristics of autism?
  1. qualitative impairment in social interaction, and qualitative impairments in communication.
  2. hand flapping and widely set eyes.
  3. digestive problems and large head circumference.
  4. Rhett syndrome.
Graduate Neuroscience
Linguistic features of language that should be addressed in assessment of ASD include:
  1. Ability to attend to a communicative partner.
  2. ability to understand figurative language.
  3. Engagement and disengagement.
  4. a. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
The first meta-analysis of all published research on autism and gastrointestinal symptoms shows that
  1. There is no coorelation between autism spectrum disorders and gastrointestinal disorders.
  2. GI disorders are four times more common among children with autism than among other children
  3. Children with autism don't indicate that they have abdominal pain.
  4. There is a greater incidence of abdominal pain in children with ASD, but it is not related to behavioral issues.
Graduate Neuroscience
When diagnosing a possible case of autism, it is important to look for
  1. physical and behavioral characteristics which might indicate another diagnosis
  2. a medical history of diseases that might cause autism.
  3. birth order.
  4. all of the above.
Graduate Neuroscience
Under DSM IV criteria for autism spectrum disorders, which of the following were listed separately as possible characteristics of ASD?
  1. qualitative impairment in social interaction, and qualitative impairments in communication.
  2. hand flapping and widely set eyes.
  3. digestive problems and large head circumference.
  4. Rhett syndrome.
Graduate Neuroscience
Caution should be taken in differential diagnosis of ASD, because these characteristics which are often found in children with autism can also be found in many other disorders:
  1. behavior difficulties, language deficits, social weaknesses, impulsivity, learning deficits and unusual motor behavior.
  2. a history of chronic diseases.
  3. hearing impairment, extremely high intelligence, and schizophrenia.
  4. difficulty separating from parent, overly social behavior, eating disorders.
Graduate Neuroscience
An SLP might refer a person with ASD to a psychologist for:
  1. cognitive testing
  2. a medical evaluation
  3. perscription of medication
  4. a. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
According to the DSM V, characteristics of Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder do not include:
  1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity.
  2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction.
  3. Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships.
  4. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities .
Graduate Neuroscience
In Arkansas, the incidence of ASD is
  1. 1 in 1000 children.
  2. 1 in 55 children.
  3. 1 in 65 children.
  4. 1 in 55 boys.
Graduate Neuroscience
Differences in the cerebellum of persons with ASD may be related to difficulty in
  1. balance and posture.
  2. some cognitive functions of language.
  3. coordination of voluntary motor movements.
  4. all of the above.
Graduate Neuroscience
The pervasiveness and variability of differences in the brains of people diagnosed with autism is important to us as speech-language pathologists because
  1. We can pin-point exactly where the neural anomalies occur in the brain and design our therapy to remediate deficits in this area.
  2. we must look for many behaviors and characteristics as we plan remediation.
  3. Complicated causes mean that medical intervention for ASD may be a long time in coming, therefore effective therapeutic intervention is even more important at this time.
  4. b. and c.
Graduate Neuroscience
Extralinguistic elements of language that we should observe or assess include:
  1. hand and arm movements.
  2. nodding.
  3. interpretation of the meaning of facial expression.
  4. all of the above.
Graduate Neuroscience
Generally speaking, tests for autism are either standardized measures directly administer to the client by an examiner, or non-standardized behavioral checklists completed by parents. However, a semi-structured observation scale with high inter-rater reliability is:
  1. the Social Emotional Evaluation (SEE).
  2. the Ages and Stages Questionnaire.
  3. Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)
  4. The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)
Graduate Neuroscience
In the DSM V criterion for autism, in order for a person to be diagnosed with ASD,
  1. Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period.
  2. Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning.
  3. Language must have developed normally, then regressed between 24 and 36 months of age.
  4. a. and b.
Graduate Neuroscience
According to the Autism Speaks Science Journal,in regards to the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, vaccines containing thimerosal and the total number of vaccines administered during early childhood or any one doctor’s visit,
  1. these studies have not found a link between vaccines and autism.
  2. these studies have found a correlation between administration of the MMR vaccine and the incidence of autism.
  3. these studies show that there is a relationship between administration of the vaccine and the occurence of autism only in California.
  4. these studies indicate an increase in neurological anomalies after the third dose of the MMR vaccine.
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