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Graduate Sociology Questions

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Graduate Sociology
Which is a TRUE statement as applied to Chaos Theory?
  1. Orderly structures and immutable laws operate to maintain order.
  2. Our presence in the environment does not alter it.
  3. The universe operates predictably.
  4. Order is chaos in nature.
Graduate Sociology
The Family Adjustment and Adaptation Response Model (FAAR) by McCubbin & Patterson (1983)studies the interactions among three types of variables. What are they?
  1. Demand, Capabilities, Meanings
  2. Stressors, Resources, Crisis
  3. Perceptions, Meanings, Suicide
  4. Demand, Buffers, Stability
Graduate Sociology
What is the greatest limitation to establishing a workable theory for family therapy?
  1. Obtaining enough large data sets
  2. Sampling large numbers of data from a single subject design
  3. Studying a single patient/therapist interaction
Graduate Sociology
Which is NOT a key characteristic to chaos or chaotic systems?
  1. Initial differences result in errors that grow exponentially over time.
  2. The system is complex, appears random, and is unpredictabgle.
  3. The system is intrinsically orderly, stable, and equilibrial.
  4. The system is in an essential state for transformation.
Graduate Sociology
Which is a FALSE statement concerning suicidal behavior?
  1. Suicidal behavior is always embedded in a pattern of interaction in the family set in motion by some threat to the system, either to force change or to force stability.
  2. Suicidal behavior can emerge as either a form of positive or negative feedback.
  3. Understanding the symbolic act characterized by suicidal behavior is an important part of the assessment and treatment planning.
  4. Suicidal behavior is a process or pattern that identifies a family trait of suicide.
Graduate Sociology
The hypotheses that a given experience, personality variable, or family type has a specific and proportional effect on cognition, behavior, or other action is an example of ______.
  1. Linear Model
  2. Nonlinear Dynamics
  3. Differential Equations
Graduate Sociology
Two approaches are used in applying chaos theory to modes of therapy: the "theorist" and the "modelers". Which group plugs data into methods of analysis to detect the presence or absence of chaos?
  1. Theorists
  2. Modelers
Graduate Sociology
"You can't unscramble an egg" best describes the theoretical construct of ____
  1. Objectivity.
  2. Irreversibility.
  3. Punctuated Equilibria.
  4. Unpredictability.
Graduate Sociology
Chaos theory indicates that there are limits on predicting the length of treatment. Which is a FALSE statement?
  1. Chaos theory allows us to make better qualitative predictions, but less meaningful and accurate quantitative predictions.
  2. Chaos theory will free us from the mistaken belief that prediction is the same as understanding.
  3. Chaos theory will enable us to make perfect predictions from linear methods, providing the specific model we have developed is both accurate and appropriate to the phenomenon being studied.
  4. There exists complex chaotic systems whose behavior cannot be predicted even if we know all the initial conditions exactly.
Graduate Sociology
______ is an attractor that seems to be in a steady state, but is beyond rest and does not vary dramatically.
  1. A Fixed Point Attractor
  2. A Cyclic Attractor
  3. A Strange Attractor
Graduate Sociology
Which of the following is not a metaphor for the concept of "strange attractor?"
  1. A bowl of spaghetti
  2. The sound of an automobile engine
  3. The burst of fireworks in the night sky
  4. Smoke rising from a cigarette
Graduate Sociology
Relationships can be conceived as existing in ______ instead of ______.
  1. Phrase Space/Phase Space
  2. Phase Space/Phrase Space
Graduate Sociology
Applying the concept of chaos theory to the field of psychological means that psychological theories in the future will be .....
  1. more reductionistic and replicable.
  2. more objective and naturalistic.
  3. more mathematical and linear.
  4. more contextual, subjective, and humanistic.
Graduate Sociology
The spontaneous emergence of order out of chaos reflecting the capacity of all living systems to generate their own new forms from inner guidelines.
  1. Point Attractor
  2. Self-Organizing
  3. Butterfly Effect
  4. Period-Doubling Route
Graduate Sociology
Which is a FALSE statement concerning the influence of therapists from the chaos theory viewpoint?
  1. Therapists may not have enough immediate and predictable influence in the system to overcome other attractors.
  2. Therapies for families with chronic and long-standing problems may have to go on longer than some therapists wish.
  3. When families are "sick," they can be "cured" through radical intervention.
  4. Rapid therapy may cure the client, and yet it may make the rest of the system sicker.
Graduate Sociology
Which is a FALSE statement?
  1. Complexity threory indicates that for a reorganizqation to occur in the family, there must be an increase in instability or disorder.
  2. Applying the theoretical constructs of chaos theory, family systems should be no more amenable to accurate prediction than weather systems.
  3. Cognitive chaos is necessary for change to occur.
  4. As one moves from the general to the specific, patterns become much easier and predictable.
Graduate Sociology
___________ refers to the inference of relationships between things such that the combination brings about a result.
  1. Nonsummativity
  2. Consensus
  3. Causality
  4. Classical conditioning
Graduate Sociology
Which is NOT a chaos theory approach to psychotherapy outcomes?
  1. Chaos theory suggests that virtually every psychotherapy outcome study must now be recognized as theoretically inadequate.
  2. Chaos theory suggests that we use the linear model of change to see the effect of therapy at the time it ends or slightly soon after.
  3. Chaos theory suggests that more appropriate data collections will be much more difficult.
  4. Chaos theory indicates that our outcome evaluation will have to include many other systems than simply the identified client and their therapist.
Graduate Sociology
____ is what occurs in a system as it emerges from a chaotic period in a transformational state to become a new steady state.
  1. Self-oranization
  2. Bifurcation
  3. Homeostasis
  4. Linear thinking
Graduate Sociology
Two concepts that are closely related to Hanson's wholes approach to meaning are
  1. Symbolic Interactionalism; Constructivism
  2. Constructivism; Cause/Effect
  3. Symbolic Interactionism; Isolationism
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