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Famous Astronomers (Grades 11-12)

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Famous Astronomers

1. 
Which two early astronomers were supporters of the geocentric, or Earth-centered model of the solar system?
  1. Aristotle and Galileo
  2. Galileo and Copernicus
  3. Aristotle and Ptolemy
  4. Copernicus and Ptolemy
2. 
Johannes Kepler's theory was based upon analysis of planet observations taken by                    .
  1. Nicholas Copernicus
  2. Tycho Brahe
  3. Johannes Kepler
  4. Galileo Galilei
  5. Isaac Newton
3. 
He built telescopes better than anyone shortly after their invention and used them for astronomical observations.
  1. Nicholas Copernicus
  2. Tycho Brahe
  3. Johannes Kepler
  4. Galileo Galilei
  5. Isaac Newton
4. 
His book that described the sun-centered universe, de Revolutionibus, was published after his death.
  1. Nicholas Copernicus
  2. Tycho Brahe
  3. Johannes Kepler
  4. Galileo Galilei
  5. Isaac Newton
5. 
Not long after the death of Nicholas Copernicus, a Danish nobleman used giant instruments to make observations of the planet's motions with unprecedented accuracy. This man was                    .
  1. Nicholas Copernicus
  2. Tycho Brahe
  3. Johannes Kepler
  4. Galileo Galilei
  5. Isaac Newton
6. 
Who proposed the heliocentric model of the solar system?
  1. Copernicus
  2. Kepler
  3. Ptolemy
  4. Galileo
7. 
British astronomer who proposed that the comet observed in 1456, 1531, 1607, and 1682 were the same comet. He then predicted correctly that the comet would return in 1758.
  1. Edwin Hubble
  2. Edmond Halley
  3. Charles Messier
  4. Giovanni Cassini
8. 
American astronomer who developed his observations of galaxies into a standard method of galaxy classification.
  1. Edwin Hubble
  2. Edmond Halley
  3. Charles Messier
  4. Giovanni Cassini
9. 
What did Karl Jansky discover?
  1. the planets move on an elliptical path
  2. the Sun was the center of the Universe
  3. Earth rotated on a tilted axis, which caused the seasons
  4. radio waves coming from space
10. 
This British astronomer discovered Uranus and his sister Caroline was the first woman to discover a comet.
  1. Edwin Hubble
  2. Harlow Shapley
  3. William Herschel
  4. William Hartmann
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