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College Scientific Method Questions

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College Scientific Method
In scientific experimentation, a variable is best described as:
  1. an adjustable condition in an experiment
  2. a comparative condition in an experiment in which nothing is introduced
  3. something that must be consistently reproducible
  4. subject to challenge and revision, based on evidence
College Scientific Method
What practice is appropriate when writing lab records?
  1. Keep all original writings, even though they're messy and incorrect
  2. Write lab report in colorful, vivid artwork as much as possible
  3. Take notes at the technician's convenience regardless of readability
  4. Copy instructions from internet or textbook in word-by-word accuracy
College Scientific Method
Application of the scientific method involves                                              
  1. gathering observations
  2. developing a hypothesis based on observations
  3. testing the hypothesis
  4. all of the above
  5. a and b only
College Scientific Method
A requirement of all science is that one must be able to                                          .
  1. test the inquiry
  2. repeat the experiment
  3. falsify the hypothesis presented
  4. confirm the results with other scientists
  5. all of the above
College Scientific Method
Define quantitative observation
  1. An observation that deals with numbers or amounts
  2. An observation that deals with senses
  3. An number that tells you how many trials there are
  4. A sight process involving numbers
College Scientific Method
College Scientific Method
What is the difference between scientific theory and law?
  1. a theory explains facts
  2. laws have been proven by a vast number of experiments
  3. laws have more evidence than theories
  4. none of the above
College Scientific Method
What qualifies something as pseudoscience?
  1. has a testable hypothesis
  2. lacks supporting evidence
  3. does not follow scientific method
  4. b and c
College Scientific Method
A theory is
  1. an explanation of an idea that is broad in scope and supported by a large body of evidence
  2. a concept in the early stages that still needs to be tested
  3. a description of a belief that invokes the supernatural
  4. a specific hypothesis that has been proven
College Scientific Method
The most trustworthy source of scientific information is
  1. anecdotal evidence
  2. paid advertisements
  3. science reports in newspapers and on TV
  4. peer-reviewed research publications
  5. All of the above are equally trustworthy.
College Scientific Method
All of the following statements are anecdotal evidence EXCEPT
  1. Dr. Jackson’s statement in his infomercial that, “I believe my personal cure for frequent headaches is more effective than any drug I’ve ever prescribed in 20 years of practicing medicine.”
  2. Dr. Srinivasan’s research on headaches published in a scientific journal.
  3. Dr. Bill’s best-selling book, which includes a diet that he claims cured his frequent headaches.
  4. Grandma Conditt’s insistence that you take her homemade syrup for headaches.
  5. Your brother’s suggestion that you try the curry recipe that cured his headaches.
College Scientific Method
A scientific hypothesis has all of the following features EXCEPT that it is
  1. A possible explanation for something
  2. Based on observations
  3. Falsifiable
  4. Able to be proven true
  5. All of the above are features of a scientific hypothesis.
College Scientific Method
Based on the scientific method, which of the following would be a suitable hypothesis?
  1. If the batteries are dead, then the flashlight will produce light when they are changed
  2. Why does the flashlight not produce light when it is turned on?
  3. The flashlight does not produce light when it is turned on.
  4. If the bulb is dead, then the flashlight will not produce light.
College Scientific Method
College Scientific Method
Which of the following is a suitable hypothesis?
  1. If the batteries are replaced with new ones, then the flashlight will produce light when it turned on
  2. Why does the flashlight not produce light when it is turned on?
  3. The bulb is dead
  4. The flashlight does not produce light when it is turned on
College Scientific Method
                    is a type of explanation used by scientists.
  1. generalization
  2. syllogism
  3. reduction
  4. induction
  5. A and C are correct
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